Why are we obese more often than 30 years ago?
This information will be useful for all people who have overcome the forty-year milestone. Imagine that you have a time machine, and you can easily travel in the 70s of the twentieth century. The reality is that you from the past do not need to put a lot of effort to maintain a normal weight.
But now, four decades later, you will have to work much harder to achieve the same goal. You will have to reduce food intake and spend more time on physical exertion. Why are we now obese more often than it was 30-40 years ago?
Obesity has become a 21st century problem.
A study conducted by staff at the University of York in Toronto (Ontario, Canada), determined whether the ratio between calorie intake, exercise, macronutrient (protein, fat, carbohydrate) consumption and weight gain changed. To do this, scientists estimated data on the diet of about 40,000 people from 1971 to 2008, as well as information on sports activities of 15,000 people from 1998 to 2006.
Curious findings of the study
As a result, it was found that, with all three factors being equal, the average person from 2010 had a body mass index 10 percent higher than the average figures from 2002 people. Other things being equal (the same consumption of macronutrients and calories) the difference between people living today and living in 1988 will always be in the “favor” of the first. In other words, we will always have large body mass index in comparison with our peers who lived almost 30 years ago. The only opportunity to catch up in terms with our predecessors is to reduce the calorie content of dishes and pay more attention to active activities.
Weight management has become much more difficult.
According to the lead author of the study, Professor Jennifer Cook, it has become much more difficult for modern man to manage body weight. A man of the 21st century is not enough to count calories, and for losing weight you need something more than the proven formula “to consume less than to consume”. The main methods of weight control, developed at the end of the twentieth century, are ineffective or simply do not work.In addition to the caloric content of food, the amount spent on the movement of energy, many third-party factors come into play.
Lifestyle and environment
For example, lifestyle and a changed environment can affect the body weight of an average resident of the second decade of the 21st century. Ultimately, there are a number of reasons that make it difficult to maintain a healthy weight. This task seems to us more difficult than ever before. Such studies are important, given that over the past decades in developed and developing countries the number of people suffering from obesity has increased dramatically. People around the world, regardless of culture and national traditions, should focus their attention on this problem and raise awareness of the masses about the detrimental effect of overweight on overall health.
Factors that affect weight gain
Professor Cook and colleagues did not come to any solid conclusions, but they put forward a theory according to which several dangerous factors were identified that provoke a change in body mass index. First of all, we are talking about pharmaceutical prescription drugs.Medicines burst into our lives with the flourishing of pharmacological campaigns, but they represent a “double bottom box”. Many of them have many side effects, and, curing one disease, give a person more.
In addition to drugs, it is impossible not to mention a significant increase in the average age of pregnant women. Also among the factors leading to obesity are global changes in average temperatures, smoking cessation, insufficient sleep and low calcium in the body. All these reasons were considered by scientists earlier. At least four studies point to them as factors that trigger weight gain in people in the 21st century.
What are dangerous drugs?
Experts say that 25 percent of patients taking antidepressants have an average weight gain of 4.5 kilograms. We are talking about prescription drugs. Doctors taking patients are not inclined to spread about the numerous side effects of a drug. A person learns about this only when he reads the instructions in detail.But after all, he used to trust his doctor, and therefore, will comply with the prescription.
Losing weight is no longer so easy for us, and this is facilitated by a modified habitat, as well as genetically modified foods and agricultural pesticides. All these changes can cause a greater amount of caloric extraction from digested dietary substances. And this potentially increases body weight, even when you are not over-eating.