What did the court alchemist of the Romanovs
The Romanovs are one of the most mysterious dynasties in world history. Their accession to the Russian throne was mysterious, their secret was surrounded and secret. It is said that the origins of this mystery can be found in the royal chambers of the Kostroma Ipatiev Monastery, from where Mikhail Romanov was called to the kingdom.
Here are five stoves (XVII century), covered with mysterious tiles. According to one legend, in these signs and symbols, the prediction of the entire 300-year history of their reign is encrypted, and on the other, the “alchemical formulas” of receiving the Philosopher's Stone.
The appearance of the mysterious tiles in the royal chambers is associated with the personality of the Englishman Arthur Dee, the personal physician of Tsar Mikhail Romanov and the son of the famous scientist, alchemist and father of British intelligence, John Dee. It is interesting that at one time Boris Godunov invited him to the royal doctor’s vacancy to Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich and even wrote a “petition” to the English queen Elizabeth I, but then the Moscow court failed to get English genius. But 30 years later, his son arrived in Moscow.
"The envoys Yuri Rodionov and Andrei Kerkerlin, sent by Tsar Mikhail Feodorovich with a special secret mission to Germany, France and England, during their stay in England and Holland (1621), clearly discovered that Dr. Arthur Dimnoi was famous for his art."
Prior to his departure to Russia, Arthur Dee was the court doctor and King of James I of England and had a reputation as a talented physician and pharmacist.
Researcher Nikolai Figurovsky writes that when Artem Diy (Tsar was called in Russia) assumed the position of the tsarist doctor, the Tsar was presented as a gift to a large stone house near the Ilyinsky Gate. In the year, the chief physician of Muscovy received a salary exceeding 1000 rubles - a fantastic amount for those times. In addition, Arthur Dee “daily receive at the court four measures of boyar wine, one quarter (gallon) of gypsy (wine), one quarter of cherry honey or raspberry honey, a quarter of“ honey ”, a molasses bucket, half a quarter of filtered honey, half of the royal honey, half a bucket of top quality beer and a bucket of simple beer. ”
It is not known for certain that it was Arthur Dee's duties in Muscovy, in which he lived for 14 long years, but it can be said with certainty that his medical activity was not exhausted only by medical practice.A number of historians believe that at the court of Mikhail Fedorovich Artemy Diy served as a political and economic adviser, trying to strengthen, among other things, the British positions in Russia. And undoubtedly the royal doctor was attached in his luxurious chambers to his favorite occupation - alchemy. In Moscow, he wrote his main alchemical work, Fasciculus Chemicus, which made him famous throughout Europe.
In the treatise, Arthur Dee meticulously describes all the stages of obtaining the Philosopher's Stone, and the royal doctor unequivocally makes it clear to readers that he has succeeded in opus magnum. Of course, we can hardly today confirm the receipt of the Philosopher’s Stone Di, but we can confidently put forward the hypothesis that an alchemical laboratory existed in Moscow during the time of the first monarch from the Romanovs. Perhaps it was located in the huge chambers of the alchemist himself, or in the terem of the Apothecary Order.
But the main question is whether Artymy Diy had a Russian student in Muscovy? It is unlikely that we will be able to get a clear answer after 400 years, but stove tiles in the royal palaces in Kostroma can indirectly indicate this.At the moment, no one seriously engaged in deciphering these rebuses.