Volcanoes in Japan. In the power of the ring of fire
Japan is an island country located in the northwestern Pacific. This Asian state has long been shrouded in a veil of unsolved mysteries, inexplicable events, mysterious natural disasters. The fragile land of fire-breathing volcanoes, tectonic tremors and gigantic destructive tsunamis that are ready to explode at any moment ... A land of contrasts with a constantly changing climate, harsh oceanic winds, with sharp temperature drops from cold in the northern part of the continent to subtropical in the south.
The country where the Sun begins (literally translated from Japanese). The ancient Chinese, turning to the east, saw the “Source of the Sun”, and this name was subsequently firmly established for the island country. What is the reason for all these natural metamorphosis occurring here for many centuries? Or, perhaps, the inhabitants of this isolated Pacific island were initially guilty of something before the sovereign of destinies?
Life "like a volcano"
The origin of most of the elements of nature, stunning Japan, is, of course, primarily due to its geographical location. Located on the Pacific archipelago - the junction of four lithospheric plates, two of which are in the phase of active movement, the country lives from year to year in the literal sense "like a volcano." In total, in Japan there are about two hundred volcanoes, and more than half of them are active.
For example, in recent years, the whole world has witnessed a series of volcanic explosions, repeated one after another, as if by the will of an unknown and powerful evil rock. In 2014-2015, one of the largest active volcanoes in Japan shook the entire southern coast of the Japanese islands. Columns of black smoke and poisonous ash rose into the sky, twisting in an ominous funnel, drawing all living things into themselves. In Japan, the volcano Asso woke up, claiming dozens of lives. According to meteorologists, these eruptions are by no means the last, and the next period of aftershocks is only a matter of time.
In the power of the ring of fire
The Japanese archipelago seems to be dominated by a ring of fire.Like a gigantic oceanic tsunami wave the size of a five-story house, washing off the entire coast with numerous fishing houses and more solid buildings and carrying away everything that stands in its way, the acrid smoke of an awakened volcano envelops all space with black shade. Sparks of fiery fire flare up in its depths, as if threatening and warning about an impending attack.
And just recently, in March of this year, another powerful eruption was recorded off the coast of the homeland of the sun. This time woke up the active volcano Simmoe. The site of a volcano in Japan is the Kirishima mountain range on one of the Japanese islands. Columns of smoke and ash were thrown to a height of more than two kilometers, for a long time in the region was observed volcanic tremor of the earth. The eruption occurred 2 times within one week, the third of five possible danger levels was established. Simmoe Volcano is one of the most volatile volcanoes in Japan and in the world; six of them, according to experts, will actively show themselves in the coming year.
This year in Japan there was an earthquake on Mount Ioyama, located in the Kirishima mountain range in the southwestern part of the country.And on the volcano with the same name, meteorologists recorded an emission of volcanic rocks at an altitude of 1700 meters, the sky in the vicinity of Kagoshima was covered with clouds of dust and volcanic stones.
It is known that a special zone with increased volcanic and seismic activity runs along the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. This area is called the volcanic ring of fire. It stretches for many kilometers from the coast of New Zealand, passing Asia and the Aleutian Islands, to both American continents. Powerful tectonic plates on the ocean floor, colliding with each other, form magma, which, rising up, is erupted by streams of red-hot lava.
Not everyone knows, it is likely that the highest peak of Japan, as well as one of the most popular places in the world in terms of tourist attraction - Mount Fuji - is also an active volcano. The last eruption of the volcano in Japan was recorded at the beginning of the XVIII century. Every year, hundreds of tourists climb the spurs of the sacred mountain, trying to meet the sunrise on its summit. Fujiyama - ancient, only temporarily not showing activity volcano in Japan.According to statistics, the Japanese islands account for 10 percent of all active in the world of volcanoes.
Mystery of the Land of the Rising Sun
Mysterious Asian country, living its separate life at all times. This is due, of course, the island position of Japan and its remoteness from other countries. All this is reflected in the national character and mentality of the inhabitants of the country - the source of light. Outwardly, the absolutely fearless and emotionally restrained Japanese piously honor their cultural identity, not allowing the gathering power of globalization to undermine and destroy their identity, while remaining completely unprotected in the face of natural elements.