The painter Frans Snyders: biography, creativity, and interesting facts
Frans Snyders is a 17th century Flemish painter, similar in painting features to Peter Powell Rubens. His paintings are present in the exhibition of the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow.
Frans Snyders: biography
The future painter was born in the family of a large restaurateur in the city of Antwerp in 1579. Parents had a lot of money, and Frans' drawing skills were noticed and developed. Creativity of the painter studied in art workshops. His teachers were famous painters Henrik van Balen and Peter Bregel Jr. Favorite genres of the artist were animal paintings and still lifes.
After completing his studies, Snyders went on a six-year creative trip to Italy and visited Rome and Milan, major centers of Italian art. By the patronage of his friend and younger brother, Pieter Bruegel Jr., Jan Brueghel Velvet, he received the patronage of Cardinal Federico Borromeo, who was fond of art and strongly supported his development.This gave Frans more freedom than other visiting artists had. It was the pictures from the Borromeo collection that influenced Snyders’s choice of the main direction of his creative work - the concept of the “big still-life”.
Returning to his homeland, Frans Snyders married the painters sister de Vosov. Some time in his work was occupied by a long creative collaboration with P. P. Rubens: in the framework of creating one work, Snyders wrote a still life, and the images of people by Rubens.
Paintings by Frans Snyders quickly became popular and bought up well. Even Bishop Brugge Antonio Trist ordered a large number of canvases to Snyders with pictures of food stalls and food vendors. He intended to decorate with these paintings the walls of the dining room in his palace.
For about 37 years, Snyders was a member of the Society of Romance of Antwerp and for 29 years he was his dean. And the governor of the Netherlands, Duke Albert made him his main artist.
Frans Snyders lived a long and fruitful life and died at the age of 78 years.
Features of creativity
Frans Snyders was a master of still life and wrote them various kinds: monumental and cabinet format.Still life of a room format differs from other simple symmetrical composition lack of fine detail.
In addition, Snyders wrote wonderful animalistic paintings: animals could be the main characters of the work, and could be included in the composition of a still life in the form of plot sketches. And if the word "still life" in translation means "dead life", then in the works of Frans Snyders all animals are alive, it seems that even cooked lobster is about to come to life.
Another important direction in the work of Snyders were hunting scenes. The main idea of these paintings is a special manifestation during the hunt of heroism, courage, dexterity and human strength. However, the artist himself often did not paint the people himself, but entrusted apprentices or other painters; he was more interested in animals and the manifestation of their behavior during a hunting race.
The work of Frans Sneijderas is allegorical: each object of his works carries a special symbolic burden.
"Cabinet still life"
In the Hermitage, Frans Snyders is represented by works of both the initial and the main stages of creativity.
One of the first works in the genre of still life, presented in the Hermitage, was the painting "Fruits in a bowl on a red tablecloth". Strict and laconic composition of the picture, a minimum of empty space.On the table covered with a scarlet cloth there are three vases, the central one of which is much larger and has a green pattern on a white background. In the vase there is a composition that is non-uniform in its content: various fruits - lemons, figs, apricots, green grapes, plums and fruits similar to cherry plums. It is as if all fruits are strung on twigs with leaves and tendrils. Sprigs bizarrely bristling to the sides, creating a sense of freedom and creative confusion. A symmetrically large bowl has identical small bowls of two colors: yellow and black-green, it can be seen that inside they have a red-brown color and, probably, are made of glazed ceramics. The pattern on the outside is, but very fuzzy. In vases there is a homogeneous content: in one there are unpeeled nuts resembling hazelnuts, in the other - berries resembling cloudberries or blackberries. They are folded into the dishes carelessly, some of them fell on the tablecloth, as if they no longer fit into the container assigned to them. It can be assumed that the general idea of still life is abundance.
Still life with the inclusion of animals
Accepting the inclusion of animalism in still lifes - Snyders "horse". They make his pictures not by dullly considering the abundance of objects represented by which mother nature is rich, but by a funny game in the genre: "what if?".After all, the funny behavior of animals in relation to each other and to objects around them can be like any other plot. And what final it will be like depends on each viewer individually.
One of the most famous still lifes of this type is considered the Still Life with a Swan, in which the hunting dog, until it is seen by the owners, engaged in conversation (perhaps discussing the last hunt), tries to steal from the table honestly her earned pay - game. She is very attracted by the snow-white swan, but “she sees an eye and a tooth is nyumet” - a leash held by the owner or tied to a table or bench, pulled over and did not reach for it, to which she aspires.
All Snyders still lifes from this series put the viewer in a situation of "proposed circumstances" and possible co-authorship. This way of interaction is somewhat similar to the theater or cinema: it means the polysemy of the end of a plot (the so-called open end).
The cycle of monumental still lifes "Stalls": "Vegetable"
Or as they call these pictures - "Pantries": "Vegetable", "Fish" and "Fruit". That they ordered the author Bishop Trist. All these works of Frans Snyders are kept in the Hermitage exposition in St. Petersburg.Let's get acquainted with the description of the painting by Frans Snyders "Vegetable Shop".
Against the background of the city walls, the road leading past them and the green fields stretching beyond the canvas, shows a part of a small stone house resembling a barn or a shed, near which two women stand and a boy sits. Next to them, various vegetables are piled in baskets and directly on the ground: cauliflower, roots, green beans, garlic, zucchini, etc. A piece of cart loaded with goods sticks out from behind the house. A lot of vegetables, they no longer fit in the container. The shopkeeper is not a poor woman, judging by her costume, she is selling goods to a city woman who has come. She chooses roots and grass and puts them in her small basket, and the saleswoman gives advice on the choice of products. Interestingly, in the basket in the lower left corner there are a lot of mushrooms that look like white ones. The picture, very lively in itself, acquires even more dynamics at the expense of the genre scene in the lower right corner: the horse stretches with soft lips to fresh cabbage, until people have noticed. Why wait for the hostess aimlessly, if at the same time you can eat?
The cycle of paintings by Frans Snyders with the names of "Stalls": "Fish"
Against the background of the window, in which the sea and the trading pier is visible - the place from which the mining came to the storeroom, the shopkeeper is shown, throwing out another batch of fresh goods into a round and already full vat. Living marine food is piled up in abundance on a low, roughly hewn bench-table, in pots, drawers and baskets, some simply lying on the floor or crawling on it or on a pile of carcasses. Already dead carcasses are suspended from the stick: eel, several bunches of different types of fish, several pieces of red fish resembling trout slices. All this sea abundance is stirring and spreading. It seems that objects are constantly striving to change their location on the canvas. Particularly attracted to his lively scene in the right (relative to the canvas) lower corner: a small dog with hanging ears climbed from fright to the basket with food and barks at the ringed seal, and the sea animal looks at it that rustles with surprise. Her round eyes sparkle vividly. Mouth with sharp teeth ajar. Perhaps, the seal also produces some sounds in response? .. Thanks to this scene, the picture becomes very positive and even more alive.
Animal Plots Snyders
Gradually, Snyders moved to the image of animalistic plot scenes, for example, "Coop", where we see a pretty young chicken, climbed on a box with food and two roosters in the foreground, clearly tuned for this chicken to fight. Will this cockfight take place? And how will the story end? Similar to this story and another picture of Frans Snyders "Fight of a rooster and a turkey".
The artist took all these plots from life. But there were those who illustrated literary works. For example, the fable "About the Lion and the Mouse."
The pearl of the Hermitage collection is the painting "The Bird Concert" - an illustration of Aesop's fable. Birds gathered under the direction of the Owl to give a concert. Among them are local birds, and exotic birds, and even a bat. If you know the singing abilities of these birds, the concert was a very dubious event.
Hunting scenes in the works of F. Snyders
Among the paintings depicting the hunt, many scenes associated with the baiting of wild boar. The most famous work "Hunting for a boar", which is on display in the Pitti Gallery. The boar is shown to be a strong and powerful beast, which only a brave and physically developed person can cope with.Man helps his friends - dogs. Some of the dogs have already suffered from the canines of a predator, and some of the pack is still trying to cope with it.
The boar is compositionally placed at the level of people's heads, which, as it were, compares in strength and courage. And equalizes the chances of both.
Interesting and "Deer Hunt", however, there is no man. The fight is between animals: the deer stands alone against the representatives of the Man on the canvas - a pack of hunting dogs.
On whose side will be the advantage? In each case, the viewer decides.