The motive is one of the components of human activity
At the core of any activity is the motive thatinduces a person to do something. But at the same time not everything that a person does is able to satisfy his motive, since his needs are conditional and are of a virtual nature. A motive is one of the components of an activity, whereas a need stimulates a person for certain actions.
As a motive, for example, can actfeelings, thoughts, and other mental manifestations. However, internal motives for carrying out activities are not enough. It is necessary that the motives coincide with the goals that the individual wishes to achieve as a result of his actions. A motive is a mapping of a need that acts as an objective necessity.
The main motives of man
When a person has needs, hebegins to actively seek opportunities and ways to meet them. The explanatory dictionary defines the motive as a derivative of the Latin word movero, which in translation means "push", "movement". That is, the motive is what motivates a person to spend his life energy.
Motives can be very diverse: interest in the very process of activity, self-realization, duty to the family, society and so on. The motive itself does not arise, it includes the system of those factors that constitute the overall psychological order of life. Motivation of actions is necessary in order to give the behavior of a person the direction to the desired goal.
Need and incentives
A prerequisite for the implementation of anyactivity is a need, but in itself it can not yet create a clear direction for the actions of man. If a person has an aesthetic need, then this does not indicate how exactly the person will satisfy her. Perhaps he will paint a picture or listen to music.
Factors that motivate people to work can be divided into two groups:
- Instincts and needs as incentives to activity.
- Reasons that determine the direction of behavior or activity.
The motive for a crime is motivation to commitcriminal activity. With the help of the motive, it is possible to determine who the actions of a person are directed against, and the goal shows what is done for socially dangerous activity. It is obvious that the motives and goals of the crime are clearly visible only when the crime is committed intentionally. In addition, the goal can only be in actions committed with direct intent, because it indicates the desire to achieve a certain result.
The purpose and motive are independent attributessubjective side, but at the same time they are dependent on each other and closely interrelated. Only a complete understanding of the person's behavior makes it possible to determine the motive and purpose of the crime.
Motives can be of a very different nature: low (revenge, hooliganism) and not low (sympathy, pity). Goals can also be different. For example, a crime whose purpose is unlawful enrichment, or actions aimed at concealing another crime.