The drug "Piracetam": indications for use, description and instructions
Today we offer a better idea of what the drug Piracetam is. This drug belongs to the group of nootropic and is widely used to combat mental and neurological diseases.
Description and effect of the drug
Means "Piracetam", the indications for the use of which extend to a number of diseases, is now very popular. This is due to the fact that its main component acts directly on the human brain, due to which cognitive processes are accelerated, learning is increased, attention, memory and mental work are normalized. In addition, this drug helps to restore and protect brain functions during intoxication and hypoxia. Piracetam also affects the central nervous system (CNS).In doing so, it contributes to the normalization of the metabolism of nerve cells, accelerates the spread of impulses in the human brain, and also has an effect on microcirculation. Thus, the hemispheric connections, synaptic conduction and blood flow are improved in the brain.
Existing dosage forms
Today, manufacturers offer various forms of the drug "Piracetam." Indications for use of each of them should be determined exclusively by your doctor. So, the considered drug in pharmacies can be bought in the following forms:
- Capsules containing the active substance in the amount of 400 mg. Each pack contains 60 capsules.
- Coated tablets (200 mg of active ingredient). Each package includes 60 tablets.
- 20% solution for injection. Each ampoule contains 5 mg of the drug.
Drug "Piracetam": indications for use
The medication in question is used in psychiatric, neurological, as well as drug and pediatric practice. We propose to elaborate on each of these areas.
The drug "Piracetam" is used to treat vascular diseases of the brain (hypertension, atherosclerosis, and others), accompanied by chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency (impaired attention, memory, speech, headaches, dizziness). In addition, this drug is effective in various disorders of cerebral circulation, comatose states, diseases of the nervous system, accompanied by disorders in the emotional-volitional sphere, as well as a decrease in intellectual-mnestic functions. In addition, the drug "Piracetam" is suitable for symptomatic treatment of people suffering from Alzheimer's disease.
This drug is widely used for neurotic and asthenomedical depressive states with different genesis, as well as for sluggish-apathetic depressive states in the case of schizophrenia and psychoorganic syndromes of various etiologies. In addition, the drug "Piracetam" is suitable for complex therapy of depressive states, with the patient's immunity to antidepressants, as well as with intolerance to neuroleptics and other types of psychotropic drugs. Also, this drug is indicated for use in epilepsy.
The drug "Piracetam", the indications for use of which include the narcological field, is used to combat withdrawal and pre-and delirious conditions in drug addiction and alcoholism, in case of severe poisoning by alcohol, morphine, barbiturates or phenamine. In addition, the drug in question is recommended for use in chronic alcoholism, accompanied by persistent mental disorders.
The drug "Piracetam" is indicated for use in case of need to accelerate the learning process and eliminate the effects of perinatal brain damage. Also, this medicine is widely used for oligophrenia, cerebral palsy (cerebral palsy) and mental retardation.
This drug is prohibited for use in the following cases:
- in acute renal failure;
- In the acute stage of hemorrhagic stroke;
- with aggravated depression;
- with Huntington's chorea;
- during pregnancy, as well as breastfeeding;
- if the patient is hypersensitive to the components of the drug.
In addition, the drug "Piracetam" is contraindicated to receive children under 1 year.
Like most existing drugs, the drug "Piracetam" can have a number of side effects on patients. So, often when using this drug, patients experience drowsiness, motor retardation, imbalance, asthenia, hallucinations, insomnia, irritability, depression, headaches, anxiety, mental agitation, ataxia, confusion, and aggravation of epilepsy. In addition, the use of the drug in therapeutic doses can lead to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, vertigo, fever, low blood pressure, weight gain, anaphylactic reactions, angioedema, itching, dermatitis, urticaria, and thrombosis. In case of exceeding the dosage of the drug may cause severe abdominal pain and diarrhea with blood. In this case, patients are prescribed gastric lavage, induction of vomiting, hemodialysis, as well as symptomatic treatment.Particular caution in the appointment of the drug should be exercised in case of violation of hemostasis, with severe bleeding and extensive surgical interventions.
Instructions for use
First of all, it should be noted that the optimal dosage and duration of therapy with the use of the drug "Piracetam" can only be prescribed by a qualified doctor. Independent use of it can not only help but aggravate the situation, which can lead to serious consequences. As a rule, at the beginning of treatment, patients are prescribed the drug at a dosage of 800 mg three times a day before meals. After improvements appear, the single dose should be gradually reduced to 400 mg. The duration of the course of therapy can range from 14-20 days to 2-6 months. In the case of using the drug for long-term treatment of psychoorganic syndrome in elderly patients, a dosage of 1.2-2.4 grams per day is prescribed. For the treatment of the effects of a comatose state, an initial dose of 9-12 grams per day is prescribed, and then a maintenance dose of three grams. In this case, the course of therapy is three weeks.For the treatment of alcoholism in the period of the manifestation of the syndrome of alcohol in the initial period, take 12 grams of the drug per day, and then reduce the dose to 2.4 grams. With sickle cell anemia, the daily dose of the drug is individual and is calculated as follows: 160 mg of the drug per kilogram of patient weight. All people using the drug "Piracetam" should be borne in mind that the last single dose should be taken no later than five o'clock. Otherwise, sleep disorders may occur.