"Star Chamber" is one of the organs of judicial power in England
English society throughout its entiretyhas devoted much attention to the implementation of justice. Like any other social institution, the English court quickly reacted to changes in the social environment of the inhabitants of England. The famous "Star Chamber" was no exception. This legal phenomenon has existed for quite some time and has performed various functions.
Causes of appearance
"Star Chamber" in England originated in the timesthe reign of Henry VII. Originally, this legal institution was designed to investigate crimes committed by wayward nobles after the civil wars of the Scarlet and White Roses. The arbitrariness of feudal lords, accustomed to arbitrariness, led to a large number of crimes against the life and property of English subjects. Henry VII issued a statute restricting the creation of armed suites and private military formations. The implementation of this decree was strictly monitored, the offender was awaited by arrest and trial.
"Star Chamber" is a judicial body,obeyed directly to the king, and dealt with cases of violation of royal decrees and disobedience to royal authority. According to the generally accepted version, it received its name Star-Chamber because of the ceiling in the courtroom, which was decorated with stars. Although at that time there were different spellings of the name of this institution. Accordingly, the interpretation of the name of this judicial body may be different.
Royal "Star Chamber" was created toprotect the rights of the British from any class and restrict the powers of the rebellious barons. And at first she accepted the cases of all comers for consideration, guaranteeing an expeditious and fair trial by the royal power.
From one king to another, a new judicial bodyregularly performed its functions. But the constant strengthening of absolute power in the country could not but affect the judicial system. Under King Henry VIII, the "Star Chamber" is a court that deals with crimes against royalty. The court turned into a means of punishing the unwanted and dissatisfied strengthening of the royal autocracy, and also as a way to attract even more revenue to the king's treasury. The accused could have cleared himself of charges by paying a fine to the coffers of the crown.
Under the Elizabeth of England, the "Star Chamber" isa court in which the testimony of the accused was beaten out by torture and self-mutilation. At the same time, the system of fines and ransoms only increased and reached astronomical sums. This court became more politicized, by its decision, earlier sentences were revoked, its representatives themselves chose cases in which they were interested.
In 1641 the decision of the parliament as a judicialthe organ of royal power "Star Chamber" ceased to exist. Later this phrase was rarely used. Only in our time an unusual name attracted the attention of script writers.The "Star Chamber" reappears on the stage. The film with this name was released in 1983.