Scout Stirlitz, the soldier Streltsov and other important roles of Vyacheslav Tikhonov

February 8, 2018 Vyacheslav Tikhonov would have turned 90 years old.

Once he worked as a turner at a military factory and studied at the Automechanical Institute, but, following the dream of becoming an actor, he gave up everything and left to enroll in VGIK. At the exam, he failed, but one of the teachers believed in the talent of a handsome young man and gave him a chance. And the actor did not miss this chance. Over the years, his name has become familiar to every viewer. He played about seventy different characters, but some of them became the main ones for both the actor and the audience.

Source: House of Cinema

Tractor driver Matvey Morozov (“It was in Penkovo”)

The village story of the tractor driver Matvey Morozov, who was imprisoned because of three women — his wife, girl in love with him and the local samoogress — was turning for Vyacheslav Tikhonov.The directors did not indulge the actor with the proposals. After the debut in the drama "Young Guard" for a long time he was not given good roles.

Matvey Morozova actor really wanted to play. He understood this hero - he was from a small town, from a simple working family, he worked as a turner at a defense plant. But the role was already approved by Sergei Gurzo, and the director Stanislav Rostotsky for a very long time punched Tikhonov’s candidature in the artistic council. Against him were the author of the story on which the script was written, and the management of the film studio to them. Gorky. Nobody believed that a person with an aristocratic appearance could play a simple tractor driver, and together with Svetlana Druzhinina they looked not like residents of the village of Penkovo, but as heroes of fashion magazines.

Rostotsky succeeded in convincing the artistic council after the shooting began. Tikhonov was approved, but his friendship with Sergey Gurzo came to an end. But the film “The Case Was in Penkovo” started a long-term creative and male friendship with director Stanislav Rostotsky.

Soldier Nikolai Streltsov (“They Fought for the Motherland”)

Director Sergei Bondarchuk and Vyacheslav Tikhonov have already worked together - the actor played Andrei Bolkonsky in the epic War and Peace.Both were not satisfied with the work, but Bondarchuk still called the actor to the role in the drama “They Fought for the Motherland”.

For maximum accuracy, the film was shot where the battles of World War II were fought - in the Volgograd region. The director bought the village to burn it together with attached sham houses and rye fields, drove the village cattle for the retreat scene, rented real military equipment, forced the crew and actors to dig trenches ...

Vyacheslav Tikhonov played a simple soldier, deafened after a concussion, but still standing in line. To get used to the image, the actor began to stutter and with difficulty to pronounce words, and not only on the set. On the set of the contusion scene, Vyacheslav Tikhonov had to endure a real tank attack. The director wanted to achieve a barely perceptible nervous tremor of the hero and asked tankmen to shoot in the direction of the actor from all single guns. Tikhonov himself was surrounded by braziers with hot coals. The air melted from the heat, the earth shook from the shots, and Tikhonov, who was in the midst of the epicenter, was almost not deaf. The scene turned out to be one of the strongest in the film, and the role of the soldier Streltsov was later called the “second sky of Austerlitz”.

School teacher Ilya Semenovich (“We will live until Monday”)

When Stanislav Rostotsky invited Vyacheslav Tikhonov to the role of a teacher in crisis, the spectacular appearance of the actor again became a problem. Screenwriter Georgy Polonsky did not want to see in this role a young and beautiful actor. He imagined that the hero would be played by someone from an “old school” such as Zinovy ​​Gerdt or Boris Babochkin. Tikhonov himself did not want to act in film either - the history teacher with his feelings about age and pedagogy seemed impersonal to him. After the role of Andrei Bolkonsky, the actor almost became disillusioned with the profession - he didn’t like himself so much on the screen, so he was sensitive to the choice of roles. Rostotsky had to blackmail the actor with their friendship. For the sake of a friend, Tikhonov agreed, but for the sake of the screenwriter, he was given an age make-up, which added to a 40-year-old actor with a dozen years.

The film was shot in record time - Goskino considered “We will live until Monday” too sharp and dangerous and sent a letter to the Ministry of Culture. While the letter was being received and examined, Rostotsky had already finished the work and made a closed display at the All-Union Congress of Teachers. Stormy applause gave the film a way to the screens without considering the opinion of the Ministry of Culture“We Will Live Till Monday” was the best film of 1968, according to a survey of the Soviet Screen magazine, and history teacher Ilya Melnikov was for many years a model for a Soviet teacher. Tikhonov himself felt that this role gave him strength for further work.

Max Otto von Stirlitz ("Seventeen Moments of Spring")

Until now, the first association with the name of Vyacheslav Tikhonov - Stirlitz. The stellar role did not spoil his subsequent career, as is often the case, but Stirlitz pursued an actor all his life. Not a single interview was complete without questions about the intelligence officer, and Vyacheslav Tikhonov every time said that the role was good, but he was not Stirlitz, he didn’t think about the hero, he didn’t like anecdotes about him, and generally “let's talk about other works”.

The main role was other candidates that the director Tatyana Lioznova liked more than Tikhonov. The favorite was Archil Gomiashvili. Innocent Smoktunovsky, Oleg Strizhenov and Yury Solomin also tried, but none of them was ready to give the project three years. Unlike Tikhonov. The actor was invited to the tests, made up, attached a lush mustache, and ... the director was horrified. Only after talking with the actor, she realized that there would be no better candidate.Especially since Tikhonov already had a similar hero - in the film “Thirst,” he played a scout thrown into the German rear.

Not a single role brought Vyacheslav Tikhonov such success - he immediately became the idol of several generations. During the show, the streets were empty, and then in the courtyards the children played Stirlitz and Muller. In an interview, the actor said that the entire film crew knew that they had shot a good movie, but no one expected that there would be such a long-term triumph.

Writer Ivan Ivanovich (“White Bim Black Ear”)

Over the adaptation of the novel Gabriel Troepolsky half of the USSR sobbed. Stanislav Rostotsky shot a film about dog loyalty, and did not see anyone except his friend Vyacheslav Tikhonov. Tikhonov was by then tired of the loop of Stirlitz and happily agreed to play a modest writer who loved leisurely walks, hunting and his “wrong” dog. Although it is difficult to say who had a major role in the film - Vyacheslav Tikhonov or English setter Stepan, who played the Scottish setter Beam.

With the selection of the dog had to suffer - some were inappropriate color, others behaved anyhow.Then the cynologist found Stepa, from whom the director was delighted: “He is so clever that he seems to be reading the script!” Vyacheslav Tikhonov and Stepan became real friends, and when it was necessary to remove the joyful meeting of the dog with the owner, they were just separated for a couple of days . Both sincerely rejoiced at each other and the scenes were shot without rehearsals and takes.

Stepan for the role of Bima received a huge audience love and introduced the fashion for setters, and Vyacheslav Tikhonov and Stanislav Rostotsky were awarded the Lenin Prize. The film was named the best film of the year according to a poll by the Soviet Screen magazine and went to Oscar to fight for the victory in the nomination “Best film in a foreign language”. The “White Bim Black Ear” statuette did not win, but at the shows the audience applauded the film while standing.

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