Schnebel Prize 2017
The other day at Harvard, the Ig Nobel Prize was awarded the Ig Nobel Prize (Eng. Ig Nobel Prize) - a parody of the famous Nobel Prize. They give a noblework for extraordinary "scientific works, which first make you laugh, and then think."
So, what scientists surprised this year.
1. Peace Prize
The Peace Prize was awarded to a joint research team consisting of scientists from Switzerland, Canada, Holland and the USA. She got for the invention of the method
treatment of sleep apnea and snoring. Scientists have suggested that people suffering from this disease, play a musical instrument didgeridoo. The study showed that a musical instrument helps eradicate the disease in about 4 months. This is due to the fact that playing the wind instrument contributes to the development of proper breathing.
British scientist James Heathcote can safely be considered one of the pioneers of the joke about "British scientists." Back in 1995, he decided to find out why older people have such big ears.In fact, the experiment was “educational work” for 19 practitioners, future
scientists. In the course of their work, they studied the ears of 200 old men. It's funny, but they really managed to find out that the ears of men increase by an average of 2 mm every 10 years after 30 years.
Back in 2014, scientists Kazunori Yoshidzawa, Rodrigo Ferreira, Charles Lienhard and Yoshitaka Kamimura were engaged in the study of insects in Brazil. In one cave they managed to find a remarkable kind of bugs. According to the scientists, the males of this species had a vagina, and the females had a penis.
This award was given to Marc-Antonin Fardin for studying the turnover of cats. Today, the Internet is filled with funny pictures on the topic: “cats are
liquid". Fardeen approached the issue seriously and examined cats from the point of view of rheology - the science of currents. In his study, the scientist described
when a cat can be considered liquid when solid, and when gaseous. The secret is that cats can behave like a real liquid - fill a vessel, and sometimes can even behave like a gas - fill all the available space in a container.
5. Fluid dynamics
Jywon Khan from South Korea received an award for his study of spilling coffee when a person walks with a cup in his hand. He methodically studied everything.
the circumstances of such a “transportation” and derived several fairly large formulas and graphs.
6. Nutrition research
Professor Fernanda Ito’s research team studied the role of human blood in the diet of vampires. Studied, however, not mystical creatures, but quite real bats of the species Diphylla ecaudata. These creatures really feed on the blood of birds. Biologists were interested in the expense of whose animals would be compensated for by the lack of food, which arises due to the onset of people on the natural habitat of bats. It turned out that mice began to drink the blood of hens and are able to feed on the blood of people.
The scientific group of Dr. Marisa Lopez-Teykhon tried to teach a child to high art when he was still in the womb. Attached in two ways. At first they simply fastened the speaker to the woman's stomach. Then - introduced the probe through the vagina. 106 women agreed to the experiment. AT
while listening, scientists used ultrasound to monitor the change in the expression of the child’s face in the womb. It turned out the fetus really responds to sounds.
It is worth noting that although the experiment was, to put it mildly, extravagant,it really helps scientists understand a lot about children. In particular, scientists found out when neural pathways are formed that are responsible for sound perception. By the way, the device for the "musical enlightenment" of the baby, thus, is already patented!
The prize in this nomination was received by Australian scientists who studied the influence of the interaction of people with predatory animals on how people behave in gambling. It turned out that if a person has recently encountered a dangerous predator, then he plays much more aggressively and self-confidently, making many times more daring bets.
And this prize was taken by neuroscientists, who were able to prove that in the brain of some people there is an area responsible for aversion to cheese. The study involved volunteers only. They were shown pictures of cheese, and then allowed to sniff it. Immediately after that, they did an MRI. It turned out that the formation of hostility occurs in the basal nuclei of the brain.
The group, led by Italian scientist Matteo Martini, was able to prove that most of the twins are unable to distinguish each other in the photographs.It turned out that such people are distinguished by a weakened ability to recognize their faces in photographs. This is especially true today, in the light of the increasingly popular technologies for recognizing a person’s face.