Prostate. Cancer. Diagnosis and treatment
Prostate cancer is malignanteducation on the prostate, the inner male organ of the genitourinary system. This disease mainly affects men over forty. The disease is not rare. According to statistics, every seventh man in advanced age has prostate cancer.
To date, the causes of cancer,for certain are not known. Associate the appearance of a tumor with an elevated male hormone testosterone. Of course, the causes may be common negative factors that can cause any oncology.
- bad ecology;
- harmful production;
- malnutrition and lifestyle in general;
- bad habits.
What is the risk of prostate cancer?
In the male body for some of the functionsejaculation, sperm production, the function of restraining urination meets the prostate gland. Cancer appears in the glands of the prostate, grows very slowly and imperceptibly. The whole insidiousness of this tumor lies in the fact that it can not be manifested for more than ten years. Most often, men turn to the doctor at the last stage of prostate cancer.
Despite the slow growth of the tumor,It can metastasize in the early stages of the disease. Often the patient comes to the doctor with complaints of pain in other organs affected by metastases, and malignant prostate formation is detected later.
Cancer cells are usually affectedhip bones, adrenal glands, lymph nodes, lungs. In stages where there are metastases, surgical intervention is already useless, chemotherapy and X-ray therapy are possible to stop the spread of metastases and slow the growth of the tumor.
When diagnosed as "prostate cancer," life expectancy depends on how far the disease has gone, and on the overall health of the man.
- Frequent fractures of bones;
- frequent urge to urinate;
pains in the perineum;
blood in the urine and semen.
When addressing a doctor with such complaintsit is often found that the prostate gland is affected by the tumor. Cancer with such symptoms, as a rule, is already started, since serious signs appear not at once.
The most important thing that every man should doafter forty, is to donate blood from the vein to the prostate-specific antigen. This analysis reveals cancer already at its origin. Passing it regularly, a man guarantees his health and longevity.
Modern treatment guarantees a completerecovery with preservation of all functions for which the prostate gland is responsible. Cancer is removed with the help of surgery completely - in the absence of metastases.
Today, there are several methods of treating prostate cancer:
- medicamental methods;
- ultrasound treatment;
- radiation therapy;
The method of treatment is chosen by the doctor together with the patient, after all the examinations are completed.
To be afraid of treatment it is not necessary. If the patient turned to the oncologist on time, you can remove the tumor without much damage and with the preservation of all male functions and other tasks for which the prostate gland is responsible.
Cancer at a later stage is rarely cured, but certain procedures can significantly prolong life.