Primary school research: themes, design, examples
Currently, research work in elementary school is considered a prerequisite for learning. Find out the goals, objectives, directions of such work. We give the finished research work in elementary school.
Significance of research
In Russian education there have been major reforms. In place of the standards of the first generation, characteristic of the classical educational system, came the new GEF. They imply the organization of primary education not only as an opportunity for students to acquire certain subject knowledge. The updated standards are aimed at developing the adaptation of children to life in a social society. After completion of the first stage of training, universal learning skills should be formed at schoolchildren.
Design and research work in elementary school successfully copes with similar tasks, helps the teacher to build individual educational trajectories for each student.
Those skills that a child gets at the lower stage of training help him avoid problems in cognitive activity in the future.
Children's research in elementary school is often carried out under the guidance of parents, which is an excellent educational aspect that contributes to the strengthening of family values. For example, a student with his parents is looking for information about family customs, rites, passed down from generation to generation.
Finished research work in elementary school is presented by the author to classmates. Children learn to analyze the activities of other students, ask questions, answer them. The experience of creative thinking, conducted experiments and experiments, provide a deep understanding of the importance of the work in question, increase the interest in scientific work among younger students.
Primary school student research is a progressive form of the educational process in a modern school. The wealth of experiences that children receive in the process of joint activities with parents and teachers gives them a real opportunity to display their creative and intellectual abilities.
The purpose of the search method in primary school
Primary school research is aimed at developing students' primary skills in conducting experiments and experiments, mastering the methods of adaptation in social life. The physiological characteristics of this age confirm the biological need of children of seven or eight years old to learn, to gain new life experience.
Interesting research works in elementary school help to engender in children the desire to become real scientists. The thirst for new impressions should be used by the teacher.
Primary school research topics are often associated with the study of wildlife and family values. They should encourage the novice researcher to take action, the desire to understand the material that he chose for his work.
Features of research
Many primary school research is carried out in a corner of nature. The guys not only watch the plants, but also get the skills to care for them. For example, research projects in an elementary school may concern the identification of conditions for the rapid development of certain indoor plants.
The teacher should use to the maximum extent the inner desire of the child to experience the world, its diversity and uniqueness. Primary school research works change not only the thinking of schoolchildren, but also their behavior.
Rules of registration
How is primary school research carried out? Making it does not differ from the rules that apply to the scientific works of students. Be sure that any project or work should have a title page. It indicates the name of the school on the basis of which the work was performed. The name of the work, the last name and first name of the student, as well as the teacher who acted as a supervisor are also prescribed.
Finished research work in elementary school implies content (table of contents). It lists the main sections that are in this work. The pages that provide information on each item of the study are also indicated.
The content of the work
Any finished research work in elementary school should be relevant, contain some element of novelty, uniqueness.Together with the teacher, the child sets a definite goal for his research. Individual research in primary school, ready-made projects should have a specific goal. For example, a child may plan in his study the study of transplanting strawberries. A sample of primary school research will be presented below to demonstrate the complete structure of a school project.
In addition to the goal, the work must indicate the tasks that the young researcher has set for himself. To make it easier for the child to search for theoretical material, indicate the object and object.
What else does elementary school research include? Grade 4 is the final at the initial stage of training, so the guys already know how to make assumptions. The study indicates the hypothesis that the novice scientist plans to confirm in the course of his experimental activity.
In the main part of the study, a full review of various books on the problem of the selected study is conducted. If the topic is related to practical activities, then laboratory experiments are included in the work.The last section of any study is the one in which the child must draw conclusions, give recommendations on the problem of his research.
What else does research work in elementary school mean? Grade 3 already knows how to work with literary sources, therefore, the list of references used by the author is indicated.
Design of literary sources
Books are listed in alphabetical order, indicate the author, title of the work, publisher, year of publication. Does the application contain research work in primary school? Topics: “3D-design of my room”, “Dream Garden”, “Garden on the windowsill” imply the addition of work with photographs, pictures, diagrams.
If, in addition to books, sources from the Internet were used in the process of conducting research, they are also indicated in the list of references.
Not only children carried out research work. Topics: “Primary school 3 classes: methods and techniques of teaching”, “Importance of research at the first stage of education” can be options for the scientific activities of teachers.
Works of schoolchildren
We give examples of research work in elementary school, not including the title page.
What do we know about peas?
Pea is considered one of the oldest food plants.He was known to people even when no one had even heard about cabbage, nor about potatoes, nor about carrots in Europe. Why is this plant so famous? What is the nutritional value of peas? Can I use peas in traditional medicine? How to grow this culture in the usual dacha? What factors influence pea growth? In my work, I will try to find answers to these questions and link the results of the experiment with the quality of the soil taken.
What is the pea itself? I'll try to figure it out. According to archaeological data, namely pea is one of the ancient cultures, having an average age of about 20 thousand years.
Peas is a cold-resistant culture that only tolerates frosts down to 0 degrees. Its seeds begin to germinate at about two degrees Celsius. That is why it can be grown in the northern Russian regions where agriculture is permissible. In addition, this plant has a short growing season, it does not exceed three to six months. Peas do not tolerate drought, this light-loving culture. Pea has a core root system and a weak stem, the length of which is not more than 2.5 meters.Leaves with several pairs of leaves and long tendrils, ending with a leaf. At the base of all the leaves there are two half-heart-shaped bracts with dimensions larger than the leaf itself.
They play a huge role in the process of photosynthesis. Leaves usually have a blue-green color. The flowers are large, 1.5-3.5 cm long, with a white, less often yellowish, or reddish corolla. Pea is a self-pollinating plant, but in hot weather there is cross-pollination. Beans are mostly straight, sometimes curved, almost cylindrical, about three to ten centimeters in length, with a white or pale green sash (skinned). In each there are three to ten large seeds in the form of balls, which are called peas.
What is the healing power of the plant? Pea is a true champion in protein content. It is rich in important amino acids: cystine, lysine, ascorbic acid, it even contains carotene. Due to the balance of active biological and nutritional components, peas have become considered a particularly valuable dietary product (it seemed to me very relevant in our time) for various diseases.
Elevated parts of this plant as an infusion are great help with kidney problems. The diuretic effect can be explained by the increased content of potassium in its green parts. When abscesses on the skin, poultices of pea flour help soften the inflamed areas. Flour from peas well divorces hard breast tumors.
Pea grains, roasted over moderate heat, ground and mixed with a piece of chicory coffee, replaces Indian coffee! How to prepare medicinal drugs? I was so interested in this question that I reviewed many books with old recipes. Judging by the number of recipes, the pea really has great value, and therefore, I was not mistaken in choosing it for the experiment.
So, having carefully studied all the features of peas, I decided to proceed to the practical part: prepare the soil, sow peas, harvest, dry the seeds, prepare one of the medical dishes, analyze the effect of using the dish.
The practical part of the work.
I set myself the following tasks:
• grow peas on two experimental beds, analyze the results of the experiment, compare two varieties of peas;
• analyze the quality of the soil at each site;
• make a conclusion about the environmental situation at the dacha;
• from the resulting harvest to cook at least one dish according to old recipes, to analyze the results of its use;
• give recommendations for a better crop.
Conducting the experiment, I made the following conclusions for myself:
• Peas can be sugar and shelling.
• It is demanding of lighting, the action of the winds.
• Peas are planted only in well-heated soil.
• Pea flowers are sensitive to cold.
• To accelerate growth, peas must be loosened.
• Peas capricious, requires watering.
• Sugar peas need support, otherwise part of the crop is lost.
• The more often you harvest, the more it becomes.
• There is a direct relationship between the state of the plants and the proximity of the roadway.
• Sugar peas are softer, tastier, but the seeds deteriorate faster.
1. In order to reduce the effect of exhaust gases on plant growth, the dacha area should be protected from the road by planting trees.
2. To plant peas later on in well-warmed soil.
3. Weeding is carried out only after the height of the plants reaches 2–3 cm (the root system becomes stronger).
4. Water the peas better with warm water.
5.Planting can be carried out without soaking peas.
Work about water
For several centuries, people have been looking for ways to treat various diseases, not noticing that some of the ways are near. Such a tool, for example, can be the treatment of many diseases with melt water. The first information about hydrotherapy is found in the ancient Indian and ancient Egyptian treatises written before our era. From Egypt, the treatment method was transferred to Greece by Pythagoras. From Greece transferred to Rome by doctor Asklepiad. Our ancestors kept water melted from the Epiphany snow in jars in case of illness.
Currently, hydrotherapy is widely used in the treatment of various diseases, so this topic can be considered quite relevant and interesting.
Unfortunately, now it is not so easy to find such snow, which after melting would become clean and healthy drinking water for humans. She alone is not a drug. But it is water that provides self-regulation of the body, improves metabolism, increases the vital activity of each cell. This can be explained by its similarity in molecular structure with the extracellular fluid.Such water is active, it will be easily assimilated by the human body. It has a certain energy charge of cheerfulness, lightness, which people need so much in winter. Fresh melt water strengthens the human body.
The purpose of my work: to get melt water and check its medicinal ability.
1. By freezing to get melt water.
2. To study the existing methods of treatment with melt water.
3. Do your own experiment.
4. Draw conclusions.
5. Make recommendations based on the experiment.
In order to get melt water, you can use several ways:
1. If you live in the mountains, it is enough to collect the snow, then melt it. At the same time only clean, dry, newly fallen snow is taken. To thaw it, you can use an enamelled bucket, which is closed with a lid. To speed up the process, you can put a bucket in a bowl filled with hot water. On the walls of the bucket should not be resinous sediment, but if he is, then the water for use is unsuitable. To get rid of plant litter, water is filtered through several layers of gauze. Then it is poured into a glass dish and tightly closed with a lid. Shelf life should not be more than a week.
2The water is quickly brought to + 94 ... + 96 ° C, i.e. bubbles form, but the water does not boil yet. Then remove the pan from the heat and cool. Then poured into a jar, frozen.
3. It is necessary to pour cold water in a plastic container. Then it is closed with a lid, then put on a lining of cardboard in the freezer of the refrigerator. When the water is completely frozen in about half of the tank, you need to remove the ice, discard the remains. It is in liquid water that all impurities will remain. Practically, the volume of the removed “brine” can be from thirty to seventy of the total volume of water originally poured.
After a few experiments, I came to the following conclusions:
- melt water is really good for health;
- treatment with melt water is available to everyone.
However, treatment with melt water is not a universal remedy. It, as well as any medicine, has contraindications.
Should you use the properties of melt water in practice, you decide.
The examples of research work in primary school given above demonstrate the basic structure of the project. Such activities contribute to analytical thinking: comparison, classification, generalization of the collected material.
During this activity, the guys get acquainted with various research methods, apply theoretical skills in their personal research.
A child who is passionate about project activities learns to organize his personal time. An important point of any project work is to present the results of the work done to other students and teachers.
In order to make their performance bright and memorable, students already at the initial stage of education actively use information technology. The teacher introduces them to the basic rules of the presentation. In preparation for a public presentation of the results of the study, the child learns to overcome the fear of an audience.
In addition, a culture of speech is being formed that will help the student in further schooling. In elementary school research is carried out according to a specific algorithm. First, a topic is selected. Then the purpose and objectives of the study are determined. Further hypothesis is put forward for work.
After conducting a literature review (acquaintance with various books), the child chooses a theory, selects a methodology for conducting his experiments and experiments.What are the basic conditions for the development of research skills among younger students?
Important systematic, motivated, systematic, the authority of the teacher, the psychological environment, taking into account the individual and age characteristics of the student.
The federal educational standards of the second generation involve the formation of four blocks of skills that will be required for the student in project activities.
Organizational skills involve the organization of the workplace, drawing up a plan of activity.
Research plan skills include choosing a topic, setting a goal, choosing a research method, searching for necessary information.
A child learns to choose from a large volume only the material that is directly related to his research.
The fourth block involves obtaining skills to present their work. The student acquaints himself with the forms of demonstration of the results obtained, studies the requirements for the speaker's speech, the option of presenting the results of the work.
For carrying out propaedeutic activity, the teacher uses a heuristic, problematic approach to the educational process.
During such classes, children learn to identify the problem, determine the sequence of actions aimed at resolving it. It is problem-based learning that allows elementary school teachers to enthrall their pupils with research.