Photo Fatsia Japanese breeding and care at home
Fatsia (Aralia) Japanese is a decorative evergreen shrub of the Araliaceae family. Usually grown outdoors in a frost-free climate, subtropical and tropical gardens and parks, and also as a houseplant.
Fatacia Japanese comes (photo is given later in the article) - from the southern Japanese islands and South Korea, where it grows in real subtropical conditions. It is best suited for a warm, humid summer, alternating with a relatively cooler and drier period. However, in a cold, drafty, or dry room, the plant will die. Indoors, Fatsia reaches 1.8 m in height, but its size can be limited by regular pruning. In the spring, the plant should be cut significantly (by half if necessary) and the tips should be squeezed to stimulate branching.
In nature, there are 3 types of fatsy, but only Japanese are cultivated.In some subtropical areas, this plant has established itself as an invasive species, so in some countries it may be prohibited.
Long, vertical, strong stems with several branches support the spirally glossy, lobed dark green leaves with pointed tips. Each leaf has 7–9 deeply dissected lobes and can reach up to 30 cm in diameter. Under natural conditions, leaves grow close to the ground. They should often be cleaned with a damp cloth so that they are not covered with dust. Do not use glitter products as this may damage the leaves.
Bunches of creamy-white, bisexual, five-petalled flowers with a simple circle of 5 stamens may appear on mature bushes in late autumn. Then they turn into green inedible fruits with a diameter of 5 mm, blackening when ripe. They remain on the protruding stems for several weeks. However, the plant rarely blooms indoors.
For fast-growing evergreen shrub fatsiya Japanese (photo) care is simple. And she will really like regular watering.
Japanese Fatsia can be propagated both by seed and vegetatively by cuttings. It is unlikely that the plant will bloom indoors, but this is not a big loss, because its flowers are unremarkable. Fresh seeds are germinated after removal of the surrounding black fruit at a temperature of 27 ° C. As a rule, they germinate in 2-4 weeks.
The propagation of fatsia by Japanese cuttings is carried out using spring-cut tips of the stems placed in perlite or sterilized soil mixture. It is better to germinate cuttings at the beginning of the growing season with the use of a rooting and heating stimulator. They should be kept in a warm, humid place until they start to grow. The outer parts of the sheet should be cut to avoid loss of moisture. Cutting is the only method of reproduction of some varieties.
An adult plant is a shrub about 3 m tall with large leaves. Young fatsy can be transplanted annually, each time increasing the size of the flower pot. At the same time, you can take cuttings for breeding and carefully trim the plant to stimulate thick, low growth.As soon as the bush reaches its maximum height, it should be replanted after a year and more aggressively trimmed. Older plants may need to shorten the roots so that they remain more alive and healthy.
Fatsiyu should be transplanted in the spring when it outgrows the size of a flowerpot. The tank must be heavy, which prevents tipping, as the plants can become quite heavy. For large specimens, it is sufficient to replace the top 5–7.5 cm of soil with a fresh soil mixture. To prevent excessive soil moisture that can cause root rot, the pot should have drainage holes. Fertilizers must be applied every 2 weeks in spring and summer in the form of a balanced liquid fertilizer, diluted in half. The presence of yellow leaves indicates a lack of nitrogen.
Fatsia Japanese: home care
It is necessary to monitor the plant, regularly checking the leaves for spider mites, aphids and powdery bedbugs. Any infection must be dealt with immediately.
In summer, the pot can be moved to the open air. Just do not forget that the plant should be placed in a shaded place, because direct sunlight can damage the leaves.However, a cool, wet, and shady environment that the plant likes may cause gray mold. In this case, remove all affected leaves and spray the fungicide. It is best to place the plant where there is good air circulation.
In winter, the Japanese Fatsia need rest. The plant does not become dormant, but its growth will slow. It should be installed in a cool place where the temperature does not fall below 7 ° C, reduce irrigation and fertilization.
In general, it is not difficult to grow Japanese fatsia, but if it is desirable to preserve its attractive appearance in the long term, then at the beginning of each growing season the plant must be cut to stimulate the formation of the bush.
Growing Japanese fatsy at home is pretty easy if you follow the following guidelines:
- This is a marginal plant, which means that it feels good in partial or even full shade. The leaves will burn out in direct sunlight, so a few hours of the morning sun in the eastern exposure are best.
- During the growing season requires regular watering.In winter, the amount of water should be slightly limited. The plant is sensitive to moisture, so good drainage is important.
- Japanese Fatsia is unpretentious to the ground, but often a slightly acidic soil mixture is best suited to it.
- The plant should be fed with diluted liquid fertilizer during the entire growing season, in winter reducing its introduction to once a month.
Subject to the presence of sufficient lighting and humidity during the growing season, which is replaced by relative cold, for the Japanese Fatsy care is simple. The rest period is accompanied by a night temperature of 10 ° C or even slightly lower. Shrubs subjected to short-term frost are often restored when the earth warms up, but hard freezing will surely kill them. Large and deeply divided leaves form the perfect backdrop for shady subtropical plants, especially ferns. Because of the fleshy leaves, fatcia is vulnerable to pests, including aphids, mealy beetles, cherries, and whiteflies. If this is possible, the infection should be determined as early as possible and the damaged area treated with an insecticide.
Fatsia Japanese requires a bright, but indirect light. You can use a window on the north side or place the plant at a distance of 1-3 m from a window facing south, east or west.
It is necessary to water the bush until the water seeps through the drainage hole, and the upper part of the soil remains slightly dry to the touch. The pot should drain completely and should never be left in the water. You should not water the plant if the soil is still wet from the previous watering, but you can not allow it to dry completely.
Fatsia should be in a relatively cool room, the daytime temperature in which is maintained in the range of 10–21 ° C, and the night-time - 10–16 ° C.
Feed the plant with an aqueous solution of general-purpose fertilizer every 7–14 days in spring and summer, and in the winter months food should be reduced. Dry fertilizers must be diluted in a ratio of 1 teaspoon to 7.5 liters of water. For more precise instructions, refer to the manufacturer's instructions on the label.
Once or twice a month, the plant should be lightly sprayed with water to remove dust and preserve the luster of the leaves.
The growing tips of the fatsia Japanese stems must be cut so that the bush does not look long and elongated, because this procedure will force it to branch,become thicker and keep compact. To avoid unsightly stumps, you should always cut the stems immediately above the leaf. Trimming can be done in two ways. The plant can be rejuvenated, causing dense branching, cutting the stems 60–90 cm at the end of winter before the start of the growing season. This allows you to stimulate leaf growth. As an alternative method, up to 1/3 of individual stems are removed to the base at any time from late winter to late summer. Removing the oldest and tallest shoots keeps the plant small. The same method can be given a more open, sculptural or vertical form.