Pergola do-it-yourself for grapes or arbors: step by step instructions
Pergola in the classical form consists of two (or more arches), interconnected. This collapsible or capital structure is intended to create a shaded transition from one part of the garden to another. Also pergola is built for the gazebo. It’s easy to build such a structure with your own hands. Next, we will examine in more detail how to build this design and what material is preferable to use.
Before you make a pergola with your own hands, you should determine the purpose of this building. Based on this, you need to plan follow-up activities. First of all, it is necessary to determine the place on the site where the pergola will be built with your own hands. The design should not be bulky. For example, in a small garden such a building would look inorganic. But on a large plot, on the contrary, if you build a small structure, it will simply be lost on the ground. Constructed pergola in the country with their own hands should be strong.It should be borne in mind that a wobbly design can not withstand the burden of climbers. That is why it is necessary to responsibly approach the choice of the project.
Construction in the form of an awning
Pergola of this type can be used as an arbor. It houses a barbecue, chairs, set a small table. As a rule, winding plants such as grapes twine around the structure. The construction may be close to the house. In many cases, pergolas for the grapes built in the form of an awning with their own hands create additional comfort on the plots, giving them individuality. Often such constructions are used as effective protection against heat. Very successful is the location of the structure near the pond or other body of water. Such structures are also being erected as an extension to the terrace. The erected pergola for a gazebo do it yourself looks very aesthetic.
The design in the form of a screen
Such a pergola with their own hands is constructed quite simply and quickly. You can arrange this design along the fence. It also often hides outbuildings, a summer kitchen or a barn.A structure of this type is in some way a separator between zones in the garden. If it became necessary, for example, to separate a playground, then it is the design in the form of a screen that is suitable.
Popular type of construction
Pergolas in the form of arches are quite common. Such structures can be built independently. The arched design looks very decorative, it gives the site a special elegance and charm. This design can be entwined with a rose and make it part of a flower bed in the garden. This pergola will also serve as an excellent entrance to the site. In a small area it is better to build a narrow structure.
The construction in the form of a tunnel
This pergola consists of several arches. They form the so-called corridor. This design can hide the garden path. The construction in the form of a tunnel can also serve as an entrance to the site. In such a pergola you can spend time relaxing; It is a great place to protect from the hot sun.
Material for construction
What can you build a pergola with your own hands? The material for the construction of the structure is used very different.As a rule, preference is given to the one that will harmoniously fit into the overall design of the site. The most popular are metal, wood, brick, stone and plastic. Consider in brief these materials.
Practicality and popularity
Pergolas made of wood, self-constructed, are considered the most common designs. This is due to the fact that the material can match almost any style in which the plot is decorated. In addition, wooden pergola has a special aesthetic appeal. It should also be noted that the construction of such a structure requires relatively little time.
Durability and strength
Wood attracts many with its naturalness. The leader in strength and durability invariably remains the metal. With proper care, timely treatment of rust, this material will last for many years. Very original look at the site forged building, which is entwined with plants.
Fundamental materials are brick and stone. In addition, they have a luxurious appearance. However, here it is necessary to evaluate how such a design will fit into the design of the site.If the area of the garden is not very large, then a stone or brick structure will not work. This is due to the fact that on its background the rest of the beauty of the site will fade. But in a large garden, such a structure will become a real decoration and perfectly complement the style.
This material is considered the most economical of these. Plastic is often used in the construction of pergolas. However, it is far from always that such a construction can be organically incorporated into the garden. Of course, the material of the pergola is not so important when it is entwined with plants.
Each of the above materials has its own advantages and disadvantages. For example, a pergola, made with metal, is a rather complicated structure. Not everyone is able to give the material the necessary shape at home. And ordering forged items costs a certain amount of money. Another thing - a wooden structure. If there is even a little experience in construction and certain knowledge, a novice master can also build such a structure. Pine, oak or spruce are perfect for making grapes pergolas with your own hands.
At this stage, the purchase of material and the preparation of the necessary tools. After the place is determined, the project is made. In accordance with it, the pergola will be built with his own hands. Constructions with a height of 2.5 and 1.4 m wide are considered the most popular. Other sizes will depend on the owner's imagination. The work will require the following tools:
- a hammer;
In addition, brackets and brackets should be purchased. Nails can be used as fasteners. But do not interfere and screws on the tree. For the processing of the material will need an antiseptic. In addition, brushes and paint will be needed. For the construction of construction used timber. For the support, its size is from 70 * 70 mm, for the arrangement of cross beams - 50 * 50 mm, for the side beams - 100 * 50 and 50 * 50. It is also necessary to purchase tapestry panels and components for a concrete solution (or ready mix). These are the basic materials that are needed for construction. Additional devices are purchased in accordance with the individual project.
Installation design: supporting elements
Before assembly, all wooden elements should be treated with a protective solution. After it dries, you can continue working with the details.In accordance with the project, the marking is done on the place where the construction will actually be. If the structure is supposed to be built on four pillars, then it is necessary to dig pits under them. Their optimum depth is 0.6 m. The support bars are immersed in them. For stability, the elements are filled with concrete. Next, you need to wait a few days for the mixture to seize.
For their mounting brackets and brackets are used. As connecting elements it is more expedient to use both screws and nails. The most reliable fastener is spike. A spike is driven into the end of the beam. Where there is supposed to be a connection, a hole is made. Cross beams are connected with horizontal. They are located at the same distance from each other. It is more expedient to nail the nails "on the slant". With this mount design will be stable with the wind.
These elements also join horizontal beams. It is necessary to take into account that the contact of the trellis panels with the ground is undesirable. Otherwise, the process of decay may begin. If the pergola is intended to be grapes, the trellis panels are made of metal mesh or wire.So even in winter, the vine will remain on the gazebo, and the appearance of the structure will not suffer.
The most suitable plants
The created pergola with its own hands (arch, tunnel or any other type of construction) fits perfectly into the general style of the garden and performs not only an aesthetic function. As mentioned above, such structures are an excellent support for climbers. It is thanks to plantings that a saving shadow is formed on hot days. Most often, of course, pergolas are built under the grapes. Chinese Schizandra, nasturtiums, bindweeds, clematis, woodbugs and honeysuckle also look spectacular. You can even hide the building with hops. However, you need to be careful with this plant, because without proper care it may develop too much and fill up large areas on the site. Popular are rose, wisteria. These ornamental plants are very popular in the southern regions. It should be remembered that any plantings require maintenance, timely watering and fertilizing. For the growth and development of plants and time is required. Before the plantings have closed the structure, its elements can be covered with wood stain and protected with varnish for outdoor work. A temporary shadow at the same time will create fabric cloths that can be placed on the frame.If the construction is made of stone, a small fountain made of the same material will look great next to it. A wooden pergola can perfectly complement a small stream or a well, located nearby. In any case, the building will be an excellent addition to the garden.