"Once upon a time dog": facts about the cartoon
This is one of the best Soviet cartoons, created by the famous director Edward Nazarov. The director made it based on the Ukrainian folk tale. The story itself in this cartoon tells us about the good Dog, who became useless to no one, and the owners decided to drive him out of the yard. They became especially angry at him when their guard dog did not bark, and the house was robbed. But the enemy comes to the aid of the dog, the Wolf, who saves him from death and is ready to lend a helping hand, only so that he remains alive. Sly Wolf comes up with a plan so that the Dog’s owners can respect and feed him again, he kidnaps the child, and the dog saves him from the Wolf. Because he saved the baby from the Wolf, the Dog began to love again.
This is the most wonderful cartoon of all Soviet cartoons, so soulful and kind. You just have to watch it. In this cartoon, there is so much humor, and all this thanks to the main characters of Dog and Wolf. You can watch it many, many times and not get tired of repeating the most amusing phrases: “Sho? Again? ”Or“ Right now I’ll sing ”that cause laughter.
A very calm and light cartoon is not only interesting for children, but also for adults. It has a very beautiful and true story about friendship, which not only inspires, but also makes you smile with a smile to the Wolf.
The cartoon Once upon a time, a dog, though created 30 years ago, is considered the best incarnation of the Ukrainian theme in animation. The Moscow cartoonist Eduard Nazarov in a short cartoon with a wolf and a dog in the lead roles conveyed the Ukrainian national flavor better than anyone of the domestic filmmakers.
Nazarov has created some of the most vivid and recognizable images of Soviet animation - the story of the friendship of a wolf and a dog against the background of the life of the peasants of the Ukrainian village has become a kind of calling card of both the Moscow Union cartoon and Ukraine. T-shirts with the image of heroes and famous phrases from the cartoon - Right now I will sing !, God help you! and Well, you come in, if that! - in Kiev souvenir shops still coexist next to national embroidered shirts.
In 2012, at the Open Festival of Animated Film in Suzdal, the cartoon became the first in the ranking of the 100 best Russian cartoons in 100 years, ahead of the famous. Well, wait! and Hedgehog in the fog.
The success accompanied the dog always. In 1983, he won first place at the Odense International Film Festival (Denmark), then received a special jury prize at the Animation Film Festival in Annecy (France), and shone at film forums in Yugoslavia, Poland and Australia.
With literary prototypes of his cartoon Nazarov met in the distant post-war childhood. The father of the future director once brought a little book to his son, in the title of which the boy immediately discovered a “mistake”. “Oh, look, there is no letter on the cover, Kazki is written, not Fairy Tales,” he complained to his father. But the parent explained that the book was written in Ukrainian and therefore there is no mistake. As the director himself says, he then mastered it easily: “Languages are similar”.
One of those "smacks" about the dog Sirko and his friend the wolf Muscovite recalled 30 years later, when he was already a young art director at the All-Union animation studio Soyuzmultfilm. Then this children's book again fell into his hands, but in the Russian translation.
He began to reflect on what kind of life the wolf had, what kind of dog he had when they were young ... And so gradually the events unfolded.
“At first glance, the tale is completely unremarkable.It is generally short, just a few lines, says Nazarov. “But there was only one expression:“ I'll sing it right now! ” And somehow I got hooked on it. He began to reflect on what kind of life the wolf had, what kind of dog he had when they were young ... And so gradually the events unfolded. ”
The events of the Ukrainian fairy tale unfold on a national background, seemingly far from the Moscow director. But just with this, Nazarov had no problems. In the 1970s, the animator regularly visited the town of Tsurupinsk, Kherson region, with his army friend and classmate at the Moscow Stroganov School of Industrial Art.
According to the stories of the author Psa, the provincial town of Tsyurupinsk actually looked like a big village where you could meet white huts covered with reeds, and guys and girls singing folk songs in the evenings on the street, just like in the old days. “In general, something grabbed from there - a mood, a scent. All this had to be liked and moved to the film, ”says Nazarov.
The sketches made in the open-air Kiev Ethnographic Museum, the famous Pirogov, helped the director to design the Ukrainian village in the cartoon.Nazarov also walked through the Lviv ethnographic museums, where he made sketches of clothes, utensils, dishes and small things.
The music that the author of the cartoon got in 1980 at the Institute of Folklore and Ethnography of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences became a real gem of the material. The staff of the institution presented Nazarov with a large tape recorder with old songs recorded by ethnographers in Ukrainian villages.
Five of these folklore works, among which were Oi there on the mountains and Ta kosiv dad, kosiv I - entered the film. The amateur ensemble Drevo from the Poltava village of Kryachkovka, created in 1958, turned out to be the author of this soundtrack, which glorified the works of Nazarov. Today, he is known for his unique technique of polyphony far beyond the borders of Ukraine.
The trips in Ukraine led to the fact that the material from Nazarov was collected on an animated tape in two parts with a total time of 15 minutes.
But in the end the whole cartoon lasts only ten minutes. According to the director, the then head of the Soyuzmultfilm studio, with whom the animator had tensions, did not let the wolf and the dog roam.
“I wanted the story to be clearly told, but in the end some things turned out to be a patter,” recalls the director. - For example, the scene where a wolf with a dog is sitting on a mountain and howling at the moon, I would like to do longer. In general, purely psychologically, many things could be lengthened. ” However, the head of the film studio insisted that the cartoon be short.
But thanks to this, the story of Nazarov acquired the very brevity, which, according to Cherkassky, the audience appreciates it so much. The prehistory of the characters, which Nazarov was going to film in detail, due to time constraints resulted in a short but ingenious dialogue-remembrance of a wolf and a dog:
- Do you remember how you drove me?
- So I am ...
- Well, yes, this work ...
By the way, actors Georgi Burkov (dog) and Armen Dzhigarkhanyan (wolf), voiced by the main characters of the star of the Soviet screen, added a glory tape. And for Dzhigarkhanyan it was the debut in the animation. At first, the director planned for the role of a wolf, actor Mikhail Ulyanov - the most famous cine marshal Georgy Zhukov in the USSR, but he was not in Moscow during the summer holidays. And the young studio employee ventured to turn to another movie size.
And although an aspiring director was looking for a special approach to Dzhigarkhanyan, he immediately agreed. However, Nazarov was afraid that, after seeing the wolf’s drawings laid out in the studio, he would become angry and refuse to work - so great was the physical resemblance of the hunched figures of the artist and the drawn hero.
“Humpback wolf - Dzhigarkhanyan slouching. And I got scared, all of a sudden he would make me like something! - tells Nazarov. - And he looked, and said nothing: “What a normal wolf, we will work.”
• The sound of a departing cart at the beginning of the cartoon was borrowed by Nazarov from the Chapaev film.
• Nazarov wrote the script for a cartoon year.
• A bronze monument to the Wolf weighing about 200 kg was erected in Tomsk in 2005. The authors are caster Maxim Petrov and consultant-artist Leonty Usov. A wolf can say eight phrases (“I'll sing it now!”, “God help you!”, “Well, come in, if anything!”, Etc.).
• A steel sculpture of a Wolf weighing two tons according to a sketch by artist Mikhail Ivashko was installed in Angarsk, Irkutsk Region in 2007. When stroking the belly of the Wolf, it says “I'll sing it!”. The wolf "knows" and other catch phrases.
• In 2013, a wooden sculptural composition was set in the center of Kiev, sitting under the table of the Wolf and the Dog. The author is Vinnitsa sculptor Vladimir Zayats.
• In the autumn of 2013 in with.Petrovskoye Kyiv-Svyatoshinsky district established a sculpture composition consisting of a Wolf sitting on a pedestal and a Dog standing next to it. The composition is supplemented with a stylized wicker fence.
Today's abundance of domestic and foreign cartoons will not allow children to be bored. Animated series, so beloved by children, have the opportunity to look online, in good quality, alone or with their parents. But this cartoon does not lose its relevance, does not age and remains one of the favorite creations of the national animation.
Some quotes from the movie:
• Wolf: God help you ... You sho, climb trees?
Dog: Yes, that's ... I wanted a bird ...
Wolf: Yeah ...
Dog: Yes, I - walked ... walked ...
Wolf: Aha! .. Kicked out?
• Wolf: Do you remember how you drove me?
Dog: So I, this ...
Wolf: Well, yes. This job, yes? And all my life I've been shaking here and no one will give me a bone.
Dog: So I, this ...
Wolf: Now how am I, eh?
• Dog: Didn't your child crumple?
Wolf: Yes he sho?
Dog: Well, bye!
• Dog: I, this ...
Wolf: Shaw ?! Again?!
Dog: Not ... You ... this ... Do you want to eat?
• Wolf: I'll sing! ..
Wolf: And now - just sing!
Wolf: You come in, if that! ..