Macro. We consider $ 100

“Post from the Past”: Ever since the time of the children's hobby of collecting coins, and with them the paper money of different countries, it has always been curious to consider the fine details of the banknote design. Today, with the help of macro photography, I offer you a photograph of a hundred dollar bill.

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(14 photos total)

Source: Жжкомюнити /ru_macro

1.

A bit of dollar history:
At the beginning of the 16th century, a silver mine began to operate in the mountains of north-western Bohemia. In the valley near the mine was founded the city of St. Joachimsthal (by the name of the valley, tal - in German "valley"). Beginning in 1519, a silver coin with the image of St. Joachim for the Roman Empire began to be minted here. The coin was named "Joachimstaler." Over time, they began to call her thaler. Thaler received wide circulation in Europe. In Sweden, “Dalers” have been minted since 1534, in Denmark - from 1544. In England, he was called Duller, then Dallar and, finally, the dollar.

During the rule of Spain at sea, the Spanish silver reals and gold doubloons were one of the most solid currencies in the world. They were also called dollars (in Portugal, the Dalars).The Bank of England kept such a huge amount of them, captured as war trophies or received as payment of debts, that the English king George III ordered the use of Spanish reals in circulation. Each real cost 1/8 of the British pound was called a piece of eight (one eighth, octagus), which eventually turned into a "peso" (peso). The pesos fell into the North American colonies, where, like other large silver coins, they also began to be called dollars. The appearance of the famous $ sign is also connected with them. The long English piece of eight on paper turned into a crossed out figure eight, which eventually became $.

2. The basic design of most dollar bills was approved in 1928. Portraits are depicted on the face of dollars ... no, not only presidents, but also other US statesmen. In addition to the presidents, the 2 bills depict portraits of the founding fathers: the first finance minister Alexander Hamilton on ten dollars and a scientist, journalist, diplomat Benjamin Franklin on a hundred:

3. On the other side of the bills are images illustrating the history of the United States. At $ 100, this is Independence Hall, located in Philadelphia - the building in which the Declaration of Independence was signed:

four.Now slide show for free! By the way, photographs about the history of these bills can be downloaded from specialized sites. From the remarkable that is not visible to the naked eye, the first one I found was a USA100 microtext inside the nominal symbols in the lower left corner.

5. The microtext THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is hidden on the lapel of Franklin's coat:

6. True, this text is quite difficult to read, is lost among other contrasting elements of the jacket.

7. I can not fail to note that most of the elements have an increased thickness of the paint layer and are well perceived by touch.

8.

9. The whole bill is littered with red and blue colored fibers, which are clearly visible on monochrome patches.

10. All images and prints are very high quality and have clear pattern elements.

11. The denomination in the lower right corner is printed with a special shiny paint that changes color from green to black when the bill is rotated.

12. The portrait is wonderfully executed, distinctly and sharply, as if with a substrate.

13. A curious reason why the dollar turned green. In 1869, the US Treasury Department signed a contract with the Philadelphia company Messers J.M. & Sokh for the production of money-paper with special watermarks in the form of barely noticeable vertical strips 5-8 cm wide.Around the same time, the treasury began printing dollars using green ink for the first time. The reason for the innovation is the appearance of a photograph: old-style bills, made in black paint, where green was applied only at the edges, became very easy to reproduce in a photographic way. Since the manufacture of green dye has already been used, it began to be used in large volumes, and the selection and purchase of new ones turned out to be unnecessary. In recent years, dollar bills have re-acquired new colors - shades of yellow and pink.

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