Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive

Few people know about it, but this is a real chance to survive the fire inside the building. True, you need to know a few simple rules that literally are written in blood.
Have you ever met such a green badge? know its meaning?
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

I think in the light of recent events it will be useful to get acquainted with this information.
It’s no secret that fire safety checks are well underway in the country and yesterday I witnessed how the Moscow State Construction Supervision Service conducts an unscheduled check of the kindergarten in Nekrasovka for the elimination of previously revealed violations. And now I know about this "everything." And I was amazed how seriously this system was designed.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

No need to explain why childcare institutions should be protected at the highest level. Today I will show how this check is performed.
This is the most common kindergarten, which today build at the expense of the budget. Specifically, this one with 350 places, below is full information. There are two of them this quarter, one is ready, and the second is being completed.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

At the end of the construction, the developer submits the premises for inspection to the Moscow State Construction Supervision. In this case, the check revealed violations and provided time for correction.
Literally everything is checked, from concrete, from which the building was built and other materials, both facade and interior, to all fire systems and devices that allow both to prevent and prevent a fire. And, most importantly, promptly notify and organize the evacuation.
And only after the elimination of all violations, the issue of commissioning the object is resolved. Specifically, this kindergarten is planned to be commissioned in May-June of this year.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

Construction materials: concrete, insulation, facade panels and other finishing materials are tested under laboratory conditions. And we are going to test, or rather carry out tests, of all fire safety systems (smoke protection, fire alarms and alerts, devices for internal fire-fighting water supply and supply and exhaust ventilation).
Many will ask, where does the supply and exhaust ventilation? Now we will sort everything out in order.
And let's start with the evacuation check.And the Grigoriev Denis Viktorovich, the head of the fire control department of the State Medical Institution CEIIS (Center for Expertise, Research and Testing in Construction) will help us in this.
In this case, all the doors are equipped with the anti-panic self-opening mechanism, i.e. the door opens from the inside when the body is pressed against it. In simple terms, if you come close to this door, it will open itself. The mechanism works in one direction to prevent outsiders from entering the premises.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

Next, we check the internal fire water supply device. I think you all know about the PC (fire cock, which is in all buildings). The water pressure is checked first.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

And test the fire hose.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

Get down to the basement
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

Here in a special room installed pumps, primary and backup. We test them, imitating failure of the main pump. Both pumps have a separate power supply line, established directly and not connected with the main one.
Yes, and the room itself is protected from the penetration of fire.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

Go to the smoke protection system. I think many have noticed similar hatches, both in residential buildings and in administrative buildings.The system turns on automatically when a fire alarm is triggered. Air under high pressure is sucked through this hatch and removed from the building.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

And now is the time to tell about the fire alarm system and alerts.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

It all starts with sensors, each of which is tested using a special device that generates smoke.
When smoke strikes the sensor, it sends a signal to the fire department (in the same building). The signal can be seen on the panel with lights and all this is duplicated on the computer, where you can observe the exact location of the sensor.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

After 30 seconds, the signal goes to the remote control of the nearest fire station.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

Automatically unlocks all magnetic locks.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

And at the same time the sound notification is turned on, which is also checked by a special device - the sound should not be quiet and at the same time too loud, causing panic. Measurements are taken in different parts of the room.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

And now, perhaps the most important. After hearing a sound alert, you must leave the room as soon as possible along the escape route. If for some reason you are not able to do this (first of all it refers to people with limited mobility), there are special rooms in the building that are marked with this sign.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

This is a small room where there is a system of air supply and circulation.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

The air exchange here is carried out at a very high speed, and all ventilation ducts are protected from fire so that the air does not heat up on the way to this room. During testing, the protective layer is measured.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

In working condition, the pressure is measured and the tightness and protective properties of the entrance door are checked.
Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive the construction, fire, room, violations, security, expertise, work, case, quality, checked, time, buildings, now, checking, signaling, monitoring, facilities, supervision, I Think

I repeat that this room is intended only for people with limited mobility, and anyone who can leave the building on their own is recommended to do so as soon as possible.
I don’t know how such checks are carried out in other regions of our country, but I’ve been convinced from my own experience that in the Moscow region they are paying special attention. Under the same supervision in the city there are residential buildings, social facilities, administrative, commercial buildings, road and engineering infrastructure facilities, and metro facilities.
From official sources:
General construction supervision is carried out by the administrative districts. Specialized departments control the construction of unique objects, carry out fire and sanitary-epidemiological supervision, environmental supervision.Separate divisions are engaged in road construction, engineering communications, and subway facilities.
The committee is staffed with highly qualified personnel that allows you to perform assigned tasks for the implementation of construction supervision.
As a rule, 30% of the detected violations are related to the quality of construction and installation works. A third of violations occur in the field of construction.
The main causes of violations: low qualification of workers and engineering-technical workers, inefficient construction control exercised by customers and contractors, inadequate level of culture of construction production.
Control over the elimination of violations is established: prescriptions are issued with specific deadlines for elimination of violations, protocols are drawn up. Most of the comments identified during inspections, builders eliminate promptly.
About Mosgosstrojnadzor:
The Government of Moscow, the Complex of urban planning policy and construction of Moscow pay special attention to the quality and safety of construction.
To unscrupulous developers who repeatedly commit violations,apply tough administrative measures: the imposition of fines, the direction of appeals to self-regulatory organizations, administrative suspension of activities.
To improve the quality of construction and safety of facilities under construction, in September 2012, the Center for Expertise, Research and Testing in Construction (State Unitary Enterprise “TsEIIS”) was created under the jurisdiction of Mosgosstroynadzor.
The range of activities of the Center today includes 185 types of work to assess the quality of construction and installation work and materials. Within these works 325 types of tests are carried out. To carry out expertise in the Center has more than 800 units of modern high-precision equipment. According to the results of inspections, the Expertise Center transmits official conclusions to the Moscow State Construction Supervision Service to take further measures to the construction participants, if necessary.
The Center for Expertise has significantly strengthened the work of Moscow State Construction Supervision. Instrumental control allows you to timely detect, prevent and eliminate defects during construction and, ultimately, significantly improve the quality of work.
As a result of measures taken by the Moscow State Construction Control and in general, the Construction Complex,The quality of construction in Moscow is changing for the better, although there is still a lot of work to be done in this direction. In general, the Committee confidently holds the situation under control on the quality and safety of construction in Moscow.
And you guessed that we are all so serious?
Now all the insiders on my Telegram channel
Add ...
LiveJournal / Facebook / Twitter / VK / OK / Instagram / YouTube /
This journal is a personal diary containing private opinions of the author. In accordance with Article 29 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, each person can have their own point of view regarding its text, graphic, audio and video content, as well as express it in any format. The magazine does not have a license from the Ministry of Culture and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation and is not the media, and, therefore, the author does not guarantee the provision of reliable, unbiased and meaningful information. The information contained in this diary, as well as the comments of the author of this diary in other diaries, do not have any legal meaning and can not be used in the trial. The author of the journal is not responsible for the content of comments to his records.

Related news

Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive

Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive

Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive

Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive

Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive

Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive

Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive

Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive

Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive

Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive

Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive Inside the burning building there is a chance to survive