Innovative Farms of the Netherlands
Probably our vast expanses, besides the obvious advantages, bring us some disadvantages. For example, we do not worry at all about the effectiveness of the occupied territory in many sectors of life. And why, how much is it empty!
Do you know that more than half of the land area of the Netherlands is allocated for agriculture? This country, despite its modest size, is the second largest exporter of food products. Here we are by the way, found outhow did the dutch reclaim their country from the sea. At the same time, the main goal is to make agriculture high-tech, in order to produce as many products as possible, spending as little land and resources as possible.
Indeed, by 2050, the world's population will reach 10 billion people.
The main "driving force" of the developed agriculture of the Netherlands is greenhouses and greenhouses, occupying, according to rough estimates, more than 175 acres of land. The development of agriculture towards manufacturability began in the country almost twenty years ago,when the Netherlands made a formal commitment to increase efficiency and double the output, subject to using the same resources.
And farmers have stubbornly approached this goal - many have reduced their dependence on water by as much as 90%, and also have reduced and completely stopped using chemical pesticides in greenhouses. Pastoralists are also moving in this direction - since 2009, use of antibiotics has been reduced by 60% on poultry and cattle farms. In general, the country's agricultural progress is based on research by the University of Wageningent, which is the center of the Food Valley - a kind of analogue of Silicon Valley, but for agriculture. This is where all technological startups in this field originate.
The Netherlands is the second largest (after the USA) global food exporter. Over the past 30 years, the Netherlands has become the world leader in tomato production. Tomatoes per square meter are produced here more than anywhere else. Also, the Netherlands confidently hold the first place in the production of green peppers and chili.
An example of a large farm is the 36-acre greenhouse complex Duijvestijn Tomaten, in which tomatoes are grown in insulated basalt fiber.The complex produces 15 varieties of tomatoes, while the system is completely autonomous and independent: its power supply and fertilizers, its packaging materials.
Another example of innovative farming is the farm of Jan Coppert. Previously, cucumbers were grown here using pesticides to control pests. But when Ian Coppert learned that he was allergic to pesticides, he learned how to deal with pests with the help of other insects, and not with the help of chemicals. Now his company Koppert Biological Systems sells its products in 95 countries, offering products such as cotton bags with ladybird larvae (to combat aphids) or bottles with ticks that eat spider mites on plants. Bumblebees and butterflies also bring great benefits - they help pollinate crops and flowers. Farmers using these biotechnologies claim that yields are increasing by 20-30 percent.
And finally, we add that one of the largest agricultural exports of the Netherlands is the export of seed materials. In 2016, seed exports amounted to 1.7 billion dollars.
With all the grandeur of the projects that are implemented by the Dutch, they do not like to draw special attention to the level of their technical development.Few people know that American shuttles were 70% equipped with electronics from the Netherlands firm Philips, a unique operation that had no analogues in the world to lift the nuclear submarine Kursk was carried out by the Dutch firm Mammoet.
As early as the last century, the country implemented the “Hang-glider” project, building dams in the regularly flooded mouth of the Scheldt, the largest river in the Netherlands. Here unique technologies were applied, mobile soils were laid at the inflow of the river into the sea with high-strength mats. Such technology would allow the deployment of an airfield for heavy aircraft in the sands of the Sahara.