Hungarian vyzhla: breed features, characteristics
The Hungarian breed has not yet gained wide distribution in Russia. However, it is worth paying attention to it to those who choose a hunting dog for themselves. After all, representatives of this breed deserve to take one of the most honorable places among the cops.
In ancient times, the Hungarian vyzhla was brought to Europe especially for hunting. This is a dog with short and tough coat, excellent scent and with a high level of learning.
A bit of history
The progenitors of Vyzhly, as well as the first representatives of this breed, lived in Hungary in the 10-11th centuries. During this period, the state with the same name did not exist. The territory was a Roman province - Pannonia, which was distinguished by a damp and tough climate for survival. Researchers are aware of the fact that the Magyar tribes that inhabited these lands were nomadic and hunted. They began to purposefully breed dexterous dogs with yellow coat.
Representatives of the future breed Hungarian vyzhla were the same nomads as their masters the Magyars. This led to the widespread distribution of these dogs. But most of them nevertheless concentrated on the territory of the province. Only a few individuals fell into the neighboring regions. However, there they quickly dissolved among the representatives of aboriginal and already established breeds.
To date, there is no documented evidence of who are the progenitors of these cops. But it is still accepted that the Hungarian was vyzhla - a dog bred by nomads from the “golden” hunting representatives. These are some European Pointers and also Arabian Greyhounds.
The result of intentional and casual matings was a stable line of dogs with a unique golden color. For their high intelligence, the Hungarian was highly valued on a hunt, not only for her mate, but also for falconry. The breed reached its greatest popularity in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. This was a period when hunting with a dog of the Hungarian breed was considered commonplace.
However, after such an enchanting take-off of the “golden” dogs, oblivion awaited.Pointers began to be delivered to Hungary en masse. After some time, the Hungarian life was simply forgotten. This was the collapse of the breed, as well as the perennial labors of breeders. In Hungary, there were less than two dozen of real fans who managed to keep purebred lines of pets.
The real salvation of the breed was the writing of its standard, which was registered in the International Canine Federation. It happened in 1935, and after 3 years, the active export of these gunmen to the USA began. This saved the breed from complete extinction. American breeders with their inherent assertiveness got down to business. They multiplied the breed, creating an active demand for talented hunting dogs. Of course, the Hungarian survived inferior to pointers in endurance. However, it was very versatile, which allowed representatives of this breed to work not only on land, but also in water, and also easily overcome impassable parts of the territory.
During the Second World War, the breed was practically exterminated in the expanses of its homeland. Hungarians from despair and fear massively exterminated their dogs and horses.According to official figures, all representatives of this dog were completely destroyed. Hungarian survived revived only thanks to American canine. They gave the breed a chance for rebirth.
Hungarian Vyzhla (Hungarian Pointer) - an unusually beautiful dog. Its appearance is able to fascinate anyone even when viewing photos. She has a muscular, but at the same time not heavy body, a noble set and an amazing coat color, characterized by its warm golden tones.
Hungarian vyzhla belongs to the class of medium dog dogs. Its official name sounds like the Hungarian Short-haired pointer. It is worth noting that the relative vyzhva pointers is not. The fact is that the official translation of the word pointer means "pointer."
Studying the description of the Hungarian breed vyzhla, it becomes clear that the sex differences of individuals lie mainly in the manner of their behavior. So, bitches are more graceful, courteous and agreeable.
Standards do not establish any rigid framework of animal body height. However, as a rule, males grow to 58-64 cm, and a day - to 54-60 cm. The weight of individuals depends on the proportions of the body. If males have a bitch type, then they are rejected. Consider the basic parameters of the breed standard.
It is in the classic type of coping individuals and has a rounded shape and is covered with dry elastic skin. In males, the skull is more massive. Hungarian forehead vyzhla wide enough. It passes into a rather noticeable occiput. A dividing strip is placed on the forehead from the bridge of nose to the occiput. The upper border of the muzzle of the cop is flat, and only slightly narrows towards the tip of the nose.
Chewing muscles in dogs of this breed is developed quite well. The muzzle has a U-shaped end. Hungarian vyzhla's lips are tight and thick with each other. Their sagging is one of the most common deficiencies of the breed.
They are strong and tightly set by these hunting dogs. The canines are not very big. The bite is correct and is distinguished by the lack of distance between the incisors.
In representatives of this breed of dogs it is wide and agile. Nostrils are round, well developed. Pigmentation of the tip of the nose just a tone darker than coat color.
In Hungarian, they survived small, but at the same time they are open pretty well. The slanting cut of the eyes makes a slightly elevated outer corner of the eyelid.The iris has a brown color, in which a saturated dark tone is preferred.
In dogs of this breed, they are hanging, as well as low and wide set. If the dog is in a calm state, then he tightly presses his ears to his cheeks, slightly pulling them back. When excited, the animal lifts the ear, turning it at the base to face.
It is in Hungarian vyzhla somewhat elongated. Chest wide. The neck is of medium length and quite strong. In section, it has an oval shape. A pronounced muscular withers smoothly turns into a straight and moderately broad back. The croup of the dog is almost straight, slightly mowing when going to the tail and hips.
The paws of these cops, when viewed from the front, are parallel to the body. Elbow joints pressed to chest. The front legs are located under the withers and have a slight slope below the wrist joint. The forelegs are well developed. They are sinewy, but their joints are not heavy. More muscular are the hind legs, which can be observed at the hip level of the dog. Below these limbs are sinewy. The pads on the feet are of medium thickness with gray pigmentation.The claws of dogs are brown, curved and short.
In Hungarian breeds, he vyzhla moderately thick and low set. To the tip of the tail is somewhat narrowed. While the animal is moving, it does not twist, does not bend, does not roll back and is at the level of the spine or slightly higher.
Color and type of wool
At the initial stage of breeding the breed, Hungarian specimens were separated based on their specialization and color. And only later the cops for falconry and forest hunting were mixed, turning into a single species. Nevertheless, in 1930, by breeders, all individuals of these dogs were assigned to two lines:
- Classic. In this line entered the Hungarian Shorthair vyzhla. Her spine is of short length, thick and rather tightly adjacent to the body.
- Hungarian Wirehearted vyzhla. The representatives of this line axial hair slightly raised above the skin. It is tougher and longer. It is worth noting that today this type of cops has received its most common.
Permissible color for individuals of these two lines is only one - gold. Based on the breed standard, it is believed that red (red) as well as brown color are among the faults of animals.It is permissible to moderately darken the ears of dogs, a small amount of white hair on their fingers, and a spot of the same color on the chest (up to five centimeters in diameter).
Training and character
Peculiarities of the Hungarian vyzhla breed are rooted not only in their hunting grace. These animals have excellent social skills. Vyzhla is considered to be universal. Representatives of this breed are intelligent and tolerant, restrained and active, easily trained and devoted. In addition, the Hungarian vyzhla - deft hunter. She, one of the few, is recommended as the first dog.
But in general, the character of the Hungarian vyzhla will be directly dependent on the temperament of the owner of the animal and his family. After all, these cops are sensitive pets. If their master is a teenager, then Vyzhly will always make concessions and begin to learn their own manners and commands. With an experienced and strong owner, the dog will show pride and stamina. But in any case, a person who has decided to start such a four-legged pet, must understand that these cops are very active, and it is almost impossible to watch them at rest. Even in the house they are constantly looking for something and sniffing.
The Hungarian character shows a merciful character in relations with other animals. Being on a common platform for walking, the dog will always find friends and will be able to easily join a large company. But in order for the Poppy to make friends with a cat, it will take time and some effort. With birds, hamsters and ferrets better not to risk it. Still survived - this is a hunter. The cops get along very well in a noisy big family and get along well with children.
Despite such a docile and accommodating nature, the dog does not tolerate disregard for their needs. She needs daily, and very serious exercise. The tray of the assorted subjects will help the animal to release steam, which it learns after a small workout.
Vyzhle just needed rubber toys. She prefers to chew them from time to time. Obligatory subject in the house should be the ball. After him the dog will gladly run.
- jogging with the owner;
- physical exercises;
- sports games with the participation of the whole family, including children;
- walks about the forest.
- training, but only in the case when for each action it will wait for a reward;
- swimming in the pool and pond.
Walking vyzhlu best in the field, removing her leash.In the case when the owner lives in the city, they put a harness on the dog.
Care and maintenance
The four-legged pet, as noted by the owners, does not cause much trouble. His wool does not need to be combed even during the molting period. And when using a special lanolin spray, the dog's fur coat does not get dirty even in the most inclement weather.
It is worth noting that the individuals of this breed perfectly adapt to changing conditions and climate. They are not difficult to travel and travel. Dogs practically do not freeze in winter. Animals are able to show protective qualities when living in the house, but you should not put them on a chain.
Breeds need digestible and high-calorie foods. Depending on the time of year, the daily diet of the dog is subject to change. For example, it should be slightly adjusted for winter when pets gain weight. To reduce the nutritional value of food is also necessary in those periods when, for whatever reason, the intensity of walks is reduced.
Unlike many other breeds that have the same size, large portions of food are needed. Moreover, the diet of the dog should consist of low-fat food, enriched with proteins and carbohydrates.Particular attention should be paid to the owners of fruits and vegetables. In the diet of a pet must be present meat, but only low-fat varieties. To saturate the dog's body with calcium, it needs to be given seafood and fish. Vyzhle also need bones. They will help clean the animal's teeth.
Representatives of the Hungarian breed survived, receiving full load, as well as food, are considered strong and disease resistant dogs. On average, their life expectancy is 14-15 years.
Individuals do not have a penchant for allergies and catarrhal diseases, which is quite rare in short-haired quadrupeds. Nevertheless, the cops, as well as representatives of any other breeds, have a predisposition to certain diseases. Among them:
- retinal atrophy;
- dysplasia of the hip joints.
Do not think that a dog of this breed will necessarily suffer one of the above diseases. With proper care and nutrition, all existing risks will be minimized.
It is best to acquire Hungarian vyzhlu in nurseries.Today in Russia they are, albeit in small quantities. Despite the fact that this breed is beginning to gain popularity, its breeding is not engaged massively.
When purchasing a puppy vyzhla experienced breeders recommend to pay attention to some points, namely:
- Clarify the availability of documents on the dog.
- Check how active the puppy is. He must, however, like an adult dog, be active.
- Inspect the puppy. In appearance, it should be moderately plump and clean.
- Preference is better to give puppies of medium size.
- Examine the eyes, jaws, ears, and paws of the animal to avoid possible defects.
- Particular attention should be paid to the price of the animal. Below $ 100 it should not be. In the presence of parents and pedigree puppy will sell at least $ 500.
Having purchased a pet, do not forget about the need for its vaccination. The first vaccine should be given at the age of 8 weeks. If the puppy was subject to vaccination in the nursery, then re-assign it to the veterinarian should be a month later. As a rule, Hungarian vyzhl do complex vaccine against plague, enteritis, rabies, leptospirosis and parainfluenza.Initially, the veterinarian must ensure that the puppy is in good health, and after that he should be vaccinated. Before vaccination and de-worming of the animal.
An important point is mating dogs. When buying a puppy in a kennel with a good name for a partner or a partner, it’s best to go there. If the owners want to avoid mating, they must sterilize their pet on time. This should be done at a very early age in order to avoid many problems afterwards.