How to make a two-level ceiling of plasterboard
Drywall is by far the most popular building and finishing material used in creating two-level ceilings. Looking at the photos of multi-level ceiling structures, we think that it is impossible to cope with such work on our own. In fact, it is not easy, but it is quite feasible. You will need attention, accuracy, small building skills and knowledge of the theory.
Necessary materials and tools
So, you have decided to make a plasterboard two-level ceiling in an apartment or house. To work quickly and harmoniously, prepare everything you need in advance. You will need the following tools:
- screwdriver and hammer drill;
- water level and rule with a level, it is better if it is at least 2 meters long;
- upholstery cord;
- square, tape measure, pencil;
- stepladder, building "goats";
- knife for cutting GKL;
- a hammer;
- hacksaw drywall.
Usually two-level ceilings are made of plasterboard in order to arrange a complex lighting. So you should stock up with a standard set of tools for electrical work.
Materials and tools you will need in your work.
We now turn to consumables. You will need:
- sheets of drywall;
- carrier profile;
- guide profile;
- Spokes or U-shaped suspensions, depending on the distance at which the frame will be mounted to the main ceiling;
- metal screws for drywall of different lengths;
- quick installation, diameter 6 mm.
The amount of material depends on the ceiling area. Do not forget that it is better to let the surplus remain than there is not enough material at the right time. Therefore, purchase with a margin. This is especially important if you first encounter this kind of work: surely there will be mistakes in the process.
Before you get to work, you need to decide on the scheme of the future ceiling.
Ceiling schemes: choose the appropriate
There is a huge range of design for multi-level plasterboard ceilings. Many of them are very complex and require professional work of specialists.We will focus on simple popular schemes that can be implemented by beginners.
The first method involves the installation of only a box with a visor (or without it) around the perimeter of the room or in its individual sections. This so-called “island” installation is very simple to implement and is suitable for a flat ceiling, which can be easily patched before work. The second tier is usually used to hide communications around the perimeter of the ceiling or to provide room zoning.
Scheme of the box without visor
If the second tier has a visor in which light cords or lighting fixtures will be mounted, this will not only serve as a splitter for the zones, but will also help at the certain moment to give the interior the right atmosphere.
Let's say you make such a ceiling in the bedroom. If necessary, you can extinguish the main lights, and leave only the cord in the side. The cord itself is not visible because of the visor, so the lighting will be muted, creating an atmosphere of comfort and romance.
Scheme box with a visor for hidden lighting
You can make a box of the second level of any shape - rectangular, round, oval,wavy. It all depends on your imagination and desire. But remember the classic rules of the formation of the interior.For example, smooth lines of the second tier are perfect for dynamic design. If the situation in your room is laconic, simple, then it is better to use straight lines in the design of the ceiling.
The second scheme
This method is useful if your ceiling is uneven, or there are too many communications on it. Therefore, you will need to create a first level of drywall.
Usually, first the base surface of the ceiling is mounted, and the second level is sewn to the frame of the first one.
Fastening the box to the frame of the first tier
The second option involves first the installation of the box, and the subsequent fastening to it of the guide profile for the main plane of the ceiling.
Fastening the first tier to the side of the box
Whichever method you choose, after installation, the two-level ceiling will look something like this:
Ceiling box with straight lines
According to these simple schemes, you can choose the most suitable for you version of a two-level ceiling, which is easy to do with your own hands.
The first stage of the work is marking. It will require special attention from you, since any mistake can lead to unpleasant consequences.
- Take a tape measure and a pencil. Identify on the wall the point that will be the source for the horizontal lines of the lower edge of the box.
- Using the water level, move the points relative to the original mark in each corner of the room. With an upholstered cord, make horizontal lines between them.
Drawing lines for the guides on the wall
- Draw lines along the ceiling. They will denote the longitudinal internal boundaries of the second tier.
Now, in the remaining space inside the perimeter of the proposed boxes, draw a grid. At the intersections of its lines, suspensions for the first tier will be attached. Make it simple: put labels on the longitudinal borders of the opposite lines at a distance of 50 cm from each other. On the remaining perpendicular lines, place marks at a distance of 60 cm. At the intersections of the lines you will get right angles.
Ceiling layout example
The marking is finished, now proceed with the installation.
First you need to carry out the assembly boxes. Fasten the guide profiles along the lines on the wall.Do the same on the inner borders of the second tier, on the ceiling.
From the profile on the ceiling, measure the distance to the line on the walls, subtract about 1.5 cm, and according to the resulting figure, cut off the pieces of the CD profile with a small allowance at one edge.
Insert the cut pieces into the profile on the ceiling and fasten at a distance of about half a meter from each other.
Screw the guide profile along the level to the allowances at the lower edges of the pieces of the suspended profiles. Its sharp edges will face the wall. Now the guides can be connected to pieces of the supporting profile of the desired length by inserting them and screwing.
Side edge of the box
Sheathe the frame on the bottom and side with drywall. Your box is ready!
Please note: before you start installing a two-level ceiling, plan out where the electrical wires will be, chandeliers and lamps. Installation should be carried out taking into account all these features.
If the two-level ceiling was designed in such a way that the width of the boxes is more than half a meter, the middle of each piece of the supporting profile must be fixed on the suspension. This will tighten the frame and allow you to securely fix a sheet of drywall.
Mount the first layer
Secure the hangers at the intersection of the lines on the ceiling. On the side edge of the box make horizontal lines along the plasterboard, thus indicating the lower boundary of the first tier. Attach guides to these lines and fasten them with screws.
Insert the support profile on two opposite edges into the guides, keeping a distance of 60 cm from each other. On the other edges, place the profiles with a distance of half a meter. As a result, you will get a frame with cells 50 X 60 cm.
Using the tensioned cord or level rule, give the supporting profile the desired position and fasten it with hangers.
From the same profile, cut the jumpers, insert them between all the supporting parallel profiles and screw, observing a distance of 50 cm from each other.
Two-level frame in finished form
This is your two-level ceiling is almost ready. It remains only to double-check whether everything is correctly and securely fixed, if necessary, correct something and sew the sheets onto the frame.
Video on the installation of a two-level plasterboard ceiling
As you can see, refresh the room and give it an original,an unusual look with a two-level drywall ceiling is not very difficult even for a beginner. We hope that our tips will help you to make this work easily and quickly. Ask your questions in the comments, or share with us your experiences.