How to feed grapes, the timing of the fertilizer
Grow grapes - rather complicated andlaborious process, this plant will require a lot of attention in the care. One of the main stages will be the timely fertilization of the plant. Proper feeding of grapes is reflected in its growth, development and fruit bearing. It will require both young seedlings and adult plants. So what to feed the grapes so that it brings good and healthy fruits? To replenish the nutrients of the soil, it is necessary to periodically add mineral and organic fertilizers.
Organic fertilizers for grapes
Organic fertilizers include composts,different types of manure, bird droppings, they all improve crop yields perfectly, it is important only to observe the correct application. This type of fertilizer is used, starting from the second year of plant life, it is used in the fall period, fertilization with manure or compost is carried out once every three years. They are an excellent source of nutrients for plants, and also significantly improve the properties of the soil. To obtain this kind of feeding, fresh manure or bird droppings are put with water for fermentation, then this mixture is diluted with water ten to fifteen times. This type of fertilizer is considered the best means, than to feed grapes before wintering.
Here we will tell you what to feed the grapesspring and summer, which are necessary for this period of matter. For these seasons, mineral fertilizers should be used. These include nitrogen - it's ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate, phosphate fertilizers use superphosphate, potash include wood ash, potassium salt and potassium sulfate. What are the useful substances that carry these minerals? First of all, it should be said about nitrogen, which will promote the growth and development of the whole bush of grapes. But it is also important to adhere to the norm in fertilizing nitrogenous fertilizers, a large number of these substances will lead to rapid growth of shoots and slowing the maturation of the crop, weak and underdeveloped branches will grow if there are not enough of them. Thanks to phosphorus in the plant, flowering accelerates, it promotes rapid ripening and a good taste of berries. Potassium fertilizers will help the grapes to survive the frosty weather, and also to maintain their resistance to many diseases. And potassium makes the fruits more sugar and reduces the acidity of grape juice.
Mineral fertilizers are introduced in early spring,as soon as they removed the shelter of bushes, they are poured into the soil, into the ditches made near it. After this, the plant requires good watering. The next stage of feeding will be before the beginning of flowering, and the third - right after the plant has faded. The appearance of the bush itself tells you what to feed the grapes. By its shoots and the colors of foliage, you can determine what is missing in the soil. When there is a lack of nitrogen, the leaves lose their green color, and the yellowish spots on them signify a lack of potassium, the fact that little phosphorus will be told by the leaves with red-purple spots. It is not always possible to grow grapes even for experienced growers, but with all the rules, a great desire and constant care, it is possible to get an excellent result.