How milk teeth change to permanent: note to parents

Remember how in your childhood you carefully hid your slightly toothless smile from those around you?

Someone hid his dairy teeth under the pillow, expecting a gift from the tooth fairy, but more often our parents hid the first fallen tooth in a beautiful box (maybe even with jewels).

Changing teeth is an important stage in the maturing of each child. And you need to know how it happens and when you need to help your son or daughter deal with naughty teeth.

The beginning of time

You know that baby teeth have babyform in early pregnancy, and with the birth of the baby, he begins to form the beginnings of permanent teeth. We can see the first teeth of a baby only when he is six months old, and they need to be treated very kindly, because the health of temporary teeth will affect permanent.

Often parents worry that the process of dropping out old ones and teething new teethpainful for a child, but in most cases such concerns are groundless. In the process of preparing the dentition to the important stage, the roots of the milk teeth begin to dissolve, so they fall out and new ones grow in their place.

By the age of transition 28 teeth erupt, and by the age of 15–18 the bite is completely formed. Wisdom teeth may appear already at a later age, or they may not grow at all, and this is not considered a pathology. In permanent teeth that have erupted, the root forms within three years.

How is everything going?

Teeth changestarts at 6-7 years old and ends only at 13-14. First, the child grows permanent molars, which previously had no place, and then begin to change milk ones. The first, as a rule, fall lower incisors, followed by the upper ones (according to the “inverted sandwich” law, often the front teeth fall out on the First Call or on some holiday! :)).

After them, they are replaced by permanent premolars (by 10 years one pair, by 12 - the second), then fangs (13 years). At the age of 14, the child has radical second molars, and after 18 years, wisdom teeth (third molars) grow.

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What to look for

The teeth are changing quite actively, therefore the enamel of the permanent ones is rather fragile and requires additional protection against caries. You need not just insist that the child necessarilybrushed my teeth twice a daybut also check how he does it. Most children try to carry out the procedure as quickly as possible, and improper oral hygiene contributes to the fact that only appeared teeth suffer from caries.

Mom-forumchanya Anya tells:“I don’t always watch my daughter brush her teeth. Only when I know that she can fake. A competent dentist taught her to brush her teeth, because I understood perfectly well that I was not an expert in this field. We go to him twice a year, and if problems arise, then more often. The child was bought a beautiful toothbrush, the right paste - and now she even rejoices when it comes time to brush her teeth. True, this joy is not enough for long. ”.

Read also:Moms of discuss how to prepare a child for a tooth change.

During the change of teeth in a childyou need to monitor its nutrition. The diet should contain a sufficient amount of all necessary minerals and vitamins.If the pediatrician allows, you can give the student a suitable vitamin complex.

A child needs to be shown once every six months to a dentist who will assess the condition of the oral cavity, tell you how to prevent various complications and the development of diseases of the gums and teeth. In addition, a specialist will give competent recommendations on hygiene.

Do not give a childself-extracting a tooth, if it is still not enough shattered. So, firstly, you can damage the gums and roots of a permanent tooth, and secondly, you can put the infection in the wound or in the oral cavity, which will cause inflammation of the gums. Wait until the tooth drops out by itself. If the child is uncomfortable or painful, it is better to contact your dentist.

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When a child needs help

When a baby tooth falls out, the wound can bleed for 5-10 minutes. Make a sterile cotton or gauze pad and give your child a bite. If the bleeding continues for a long time, show your little schoolboy to a pediatrician who will check blood clotting.

Sometimes not yet dropped baby teeth.prevent to erupt permanentand then you should use the help of a dentist who, under sterile conditions, will help remove a temporary tooth.

Any inflammatory processes, painful, uncomfortable and unpleasant sensations can not be ignored - it is better to immediately make an appointment with a dentist.

Dmitry Stepanenko, dentist:“The process of replacing milk teeth with molar teeth usually begins no earlier than five, but no later than seven years. If the teeth are staggering in a four-year-old baby, it is better to consult a dentist, because the cause may be caries. It is worth contacting a specialist if the baby teeth did not begin to fall out by the age of eight. Moreover, in this case, the child will need advice from both the dentist and the pediatrician. ”.

Remember that the newly emerged molars require special care - their enamel is not yet as strong as in adults, and the roots are formed over three years. Therefore, the child must properly and thoroughly brush his teeth, eat a balanced diet with a sufficient amount of vitamins, trace elements and calcium.

Teach your child to take care of their teeth from childhood.

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