Economic crises: species, causes, impact on the family
Economic crises, whether past orcoming, constantly on hearing. The adversity on the financial front is one of the favorite media topics and a fertile ground for the numerous predictions of expert organizations.
Economic crises are of two main types.
- Unproductive (characterized by a deficitgoods of mass consumption). A vivid example is the economic crisis in Russia in the 1990s: empty store shelves, food products that are sold strictly on coupons, queues for essentials.
- Overproduction (characterized by a seriousthe prevalence of supply over demand). In times of such crises, most of the population does not have the money to secure a normal level of existence (mass poverty). A typical representative of overproduction complications in the economy is the Great Depression of the thirties.
Modern economic crises areparts are due to global hyper-consumerism - uncontrollable craving for people to consume. Every year the range of goods offered to people is growing: a new model of the car, advanced collections from fashion designers, the newest brands of alcohol and food products. Along with consumption, production volumes, the cost of goods and services are increasing, and inflation (depreciation) of monetary capital begins. Debts are growing: national, banking, consumer. All this leads to the fact that no one can pay for purchased liabilities (things that do not bring benefits: cars, clothes, furniture).
According to the teachings of Karl Marx, crises areinevitable companions of capitalism. Their emergence does not depend on the management miscalculations, as well as the negative effect from the activities of consumers or corporations. This process Marx explains the very nature of the relationship aimed at making a profit.
Influence on family
Undoubtedly, a sharp decline in the purchasing powerthe ability of the family, the inability to have what was available earlier, negatively affect the emotional background. The grandiose capitalist crisis of the 1930s was not in vain called "The Great Depression." In the description of people of this period, epithets such as numb, doomed, panic, apathetic, etc. are often used. Economic crises are dangerous to health: financial losses and anxiety for their future shorten life expectancy. The stock crash of 2008-2009 in the US coincided with the peak of heart attacks and deaths from diseases of the cardiovascular system.
At the same time, an interesting study was presenteddomestic scientists: they found out that the world economic crises contribute to the rallying of families, their reunification (we are talking about complicated families) and the desire for cohabitation. This trend is justified both from a sociological and economic point of view:
1) the threatening danger for centuries made people unite, rely in everyday life on the support of relatives;
2) live together more economically than separately, and the creation of peculiar mini-consumer cooperatives is called upon to reduce the cost of food, payment for utilities, gasoline, etc.
Also, scientists found that the instability of the family budget forces people to increase the share of their income in the family in proportion to their spending.