Confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs Istanbul

The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

There are places on planet Earth that you should definitely visit in person. Surely, the gradation of importance will be different for everyone, because we are all so different. And yet among the variety, you can choose the best of the best.
In any case, this list will contain two buildings, which are certainly very important for world history. This is aboutSt. Peter's Cathedralin rome andHagia Sophiain the Stambul. It so happened that I visited them both during the year, so I can compare my feelings. In both cases, I received great aesthetic pleasure and learned a lot.
It is unlikely that it will be possible to choose which of them is steeper, but it is difficult not to notice the historical opposition of these buildings. And if St. Peter’s Cathedral remains an important stronghold of the Catholic religion, then Hagia Sophia is at the same time a symbol of Christianity and Islam.Looking at these buildings, one can imagine the past, admire the present and even look into the future for a bit.
I will try to tell you about my personal feelings with a few splashes of history, and you decide which of them is cooler, more interesting or more beautiful.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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For two thousand years, there has been an intense struggle for the title of the center of the whole Christian world, the point of attraction of all believers. Probably at the moment it winsChurch of the Holy Sepulcherin Jerusalem, which I also happened to visit and somehow describe my very ambiguous impressions. But this was not always the case.
At the dawn of Christianity in Jerusalem, this new religion had no place. Seventeen centuries ago, Emperor Constantine the Great unexpectedly adopted the Christian faith and transferred the capital from Rome to the relatively small city of Byzantium, renaming it to Constantinople. At the same time, the first temple named after Sofia was built on the local market square, the image of which personified God's Wisdom.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

3.
That temple was repeatedly burned and rebuilt, until two centuries later another emperor Justinian the First did not order to erect an amazing structure, which could, albeit outwardly repeatedly changed, reach our days.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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It's hard to believe, but for a ticket of 40 Turkish lire you can see a real architectural marvel with a 1500-year history. From the outside, this building no longer resembles a Byzantine temple. The Turks set up minarets and powerful buttresses, staged here the tombs of their Ottoman rulers and brought many innovations to the temple. All of them look quite organic for Istanbul. But it is worthwhile to take a closer look at the external props, you can see the true pearl of Christianity - the Byzantine Cathedral of St. Sophia.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

5.
Inside, these feelings will increase a hundredfold. The main dome of Hagia Sophia with a diameter of 31 meters reaches a height of 55 meters, and the entire central nave has a length of 76 meters. The same Cathedral of St. Peter in Rome has a length of 211 meters, while the central dome reaches a height of 119 meters. That is, this building is twice the size of the Sofia temple. Let's talk about it in more detail below, but I want to note that, nevertheless, both of these temples look huge and not very comparable in terms of proportions. Each of them has its own aura and its own unique emotions.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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For its time, Hagia Sophia was the largest Christian church in the world for a thousand years.At the time of our visit to Istanbul, the cathedral was partially hidden from the inside by scaffolding, but this did not upset us very much.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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The greatest impression on me was made by ancient Sofia murals. Their safety is simply amazing. From under the layer of plaster with paint they were cleaned a little less than a hundred years ago and their appearance in this temple against the backdrop of Muslim ornaments and texts from the Koran is like a miracle.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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Perhaps such a combination of Christian images and Muslim images in one place can no longer be found anywhere in the world. I bow my head to Kemal Ataturk, who showed political will and deep wisdom a little less than a hundred years ago. It was then that the walls of the cathedral were cleaned and beautiful frescoes were discovered, and it was then that the Hagia Sophia mosque was turned into a museum.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

9.
In one photo, you can see an image of the Most Holy Mother of God and giant medallions of black leather with the names of Allah, the Prophet Magamed and the four caliphs.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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Only in Hagia Sophia you can see with your own eyes that the Muslim and Christian religions can live peacefully in one common place in all the temple. Miracles!
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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Here even the Christian altar and the Islamic mihrab are peacefully in the neighborhood, apparently recalling that these rheigies have much in common.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

12.
No less surprising are other Christian frescoes.At the entrance to the main nave from above, visitors are met by Jesus Christ himself with another Byzantine emperor Leo VI kneeling on his knees.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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And on the second level of the temple, where women once prayed, you can see some more amazing images on the walls, among which the scene of the Last Judgment is especially notable.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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It is amazing to see these mournful faces who witnessed the looting of the temple by crusaders from the West and the killing of hundreds of Christians by Ottoman conquerors from the East. For five centuries, these murals disappeared from the human world, then to appear again and continue to amaze people further.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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By the way, I was impressed with the sloping ascents to the upper level. There have never been any stairs, the empresses stretched along the narrow stone corridors. These stones, worn by millions of feet, still serve their original purpose and, I confess, I climbed up with a special feeling.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

16.
In general, Hagia Sophia still hides many secrets and mysteries. Nobody still knows for sure what is hidden in its submerged dungeons. Yes, and inside the powerful walls can hide amazing secrets.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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Impressive tourists guides necessarily lead to the so-called "weeping column."
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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Having a finger inside the unusual hole in its copper plating, you can feel the moisture. Muslims claim that this is the saliva of the prophet Muhammad himself, and Christians believe that copper flows myrrh through the divine presence.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

19.
Both religions agree on one thing - if you are lucky to feel the moisture, you will be happy and lucky in earthly affairs.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

20.
And now we are transported a thousand kilometers west to the arches of another grandiose Christian building - the Cathedral of St. Paul in the Vatican.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

21.
To get to this holy place is somewhat more difficult than to Hagia Sophia. Those who want to see the cathedral from the inside in the morning crowd in a huge queue. We bypassed it, thanks to a small lifak, read on the Internet.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

22.
After visiting the Vatican Museum and the Sistine Chapel, we rather brazenly inked out among Chinese tourists and with this group we went through a separate passage straight to the cathedral.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

23.
True, this method has one huge disadvantage. After the splendor of the Papal Palace and especially the enchanting beauty of the Sistine Chapel, the perception of the surrounding world is dulled.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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And yet the Cathedral of St. Peter was able to hit me. As soon as I got through the heavy massive doors inside, I realized that I was in a very unusual world. This world was created by the best masters of the Renaissance - Bramante, Raphael, Michelangelo, Bernini.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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Once, on the site of the cathedral, the gardens of Nero were located, and it was here that, according to one of the legends, the beloved disciple of Jesus Christ, the apostle Peter, who was martyred, was buried. Over his grave the first basilica was built in the time of the same Constantine the Great.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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About 70 years ago, excavations were carried out under the cathedral and the tomb of Peter was allegedly found. There are, it is true, quite a few skeptics who assert that Saint Peter has never been to Rome. However, millions of believers do not care. And even more so the great masters of the Renaissance did not doubt it.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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In 1506, construction began on a new cathedral, which, according to the plan of the then Pope Julius II, was to overshadow all the religious buildings that existed in the world at that time. The original construction project was repeatedly changed and edited, but in the end, the cathedral was in fact incomparable.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

28.
The eyes inside run up from the abundance of amazing details and stunning sculptures. In many places of this cathedral you can hang for a long time. For example, the Michelangean Pieta.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

29.
A special place - the tomb of St. Peter, where under the main dome is the so-called canopy of four twisted columns.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

30.
Here you understand that every detail has an explicit or hidden meaning. Even the grilles of the ventilation shafts under their feet carry some special purpose.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

31.
This is where fantasy can roam and Dan Brown has successfully proved it.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

32.
The structure of the cathedral allows through the window openings to see the falling sun rays, which create some kind of unusual illusory world.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

33.
In this world, many tombstones and crosses do not look depressing, but rather the opposite.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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Apparently, this was the intention of the creators of this creation. The cathedral is only a transitional stage to a different heavenly life, the keys to which can be hidden somewhere here.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

35.
The cathedral works for its intended purpose in full force. Here are constantly on duty priest, letting go of sins.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

36.
Many people silently pray, or meditate in separate halls of a huge structure that can hold up to 60 thousand believers.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

37.
On the side there is a passage to special rooms where Vatican souvenirs are briskly traded.There are even their own sales and discounts, just like in a supermarket.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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For 5-8 Euros you can climb the dome of this amazing building and wander around its roof. Definitely worth doing. Views from above can strike even the most stale guests of the Vatican.
The Cathedral itself looks particularly impressive in the evening, when crowds of believers and tourists disappear from the square.
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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As for one story, I tried to show you and tell you about two amazing buildings, each of which can be described for a very long time.
To compare them is very difficult and even most likely impossible. And yet you can try to do it for me.
What structure do you think is more important for humanity - actingSaint Paul's CathedralorHagia Sophia Museum, combining the heritage of two world religions at once - Islam and Christianity?
The confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs. Istanbul Cathedral, you can, Saint, Peter, Cathedral, Here, very, here, Christianity, see, Hagia Sophia, religions, meters, look, back, temple, one, frescoes, can, has

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Confrontation of the greatest buildings of Christianity - Rome vs Istanbul

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