Biography of Alice Freundlich
Theater and film actress Alisa Freindlich was born on December 8, 1934 in Leningrad into the family of actor of German origin Bruno Arturovich Freindlich and accountant Xenia Feindorovna Freindlich (nee Fedorova). Alisa Freindlich's mother spent her youth in Pskov, where she participated in amateur performances. Having moved to Leningrad, at drama courses of the Leningrad Theater of Working Youth, she met Bruno Arturovich Freindlich - an actor of the same theater. After a while they signed.
Alisa Freindlich with Aunt Dagmara Arturovna and Mom
The ancestors of Bruno Arturovich were German glassblowers, who came at the invitation of Peter I for the development of glass-blowing business. Here they have got families and have remained to live in Russia.
Mom, Ksenia Fyodorovna, all her life she loved theater, but played in it only in her youth. For the rest of her life, she worked as an accountant at the Central Savings Bank of the Oktyabrsky District of Leningrad.
Alice Freundlich's childhood
Alice was born in 1934. She recalls her childhood in the following way: “I was born in a house on St. Isaac’s Square. The cathedral was clearly visible from the windows of our apartment, and the famous Bronze Horseman stood five minutes walk from the house, and the breathtaking view of the Neva was so breathtaking. The charm of my city since childhood has entered the soul and bewitched for the rest of their lives ... "
Alisa Freindlich with father and children
Artistic ability began to manifest itself very early. In 3 years, Alice came to the play at the conservatory. What she saw impressed her so much that became one of the plots of her games. Alice, singing melodies from the opera, played the theater with herself.
War and blockade
Alice's parents separated before the war. Perhaps this saved Alice and her mother from reprisals. With the advent of the war began the persecution of hereditary Germans. Bruno Freindlich went with the theater troupe to Tashkent. His relatives could not avoid the horror of repression. Alice’s paternal uncle and his wife were arrested.
Arthur and Charlotte Freindlich with children Cecilia and Arthur (in the upper row), Dagmara, Edward, Bruno (in the lower row).
Alice and her mother were left to live with their paternal grandmother, Charlotte Friedrichoff. She was a kind and sympathetic person, enjoyed a special prestige in the family and knew how to manage the house rationally in German. They managed to somehow survive during the first months of the blockade on its food reserves and even share semolina with friends (no one could imagine that a real famine would come soon).
In this house in a communal apartment in the blockade lived Alice Freundlich
It was the grandmother who was able to establish a strict diet, distributing the reception of bread in small portions strictly by the hour. This discipline helped them survive. Porridge made of wood glue, flavored with mustard from the pre-war grandmother's stocks, became tastier, and soda, thrown into boiling water, replaced the children with soda.
Charlotte Freindlich with grandsons Alice and Edik
Alice Freindlich and her family lived on the ground floor. Hearing the air raid signal, the residents of the entrance often descended into their apartment, where they could wait out the next raid. Once I had to take refuge in a bomb shelter. At this time the apartment was destroyed by a bomb that got there. Embossed doors, glass, plastered family piano made a heavy impression. I had to move to another place.
This is St. Isaac's Square saw little Alice Freindlich
The new dwelling represented one room for everyone, but from the windows of the communal apartment was visible Isaakievskaya Square, where school No. 239 was located, then located in the former Lobanov-Rostovsky mansion. First-grader future actress did not last long. She was able to resume training only in the winter of 1943 at the age of 8 years. There were no exercise books. The children wrote on the newspaper fields and old forms, without removing the mittens, ready to descend at any time at the next shelling.
Alice - a girl with German roots - had a hard time
To escape from the cold, the townspeople heated the furnace. Instead of firewood in the house Freundlich all the available furniture was used, except for beds and chairs. It was necessary to burn even rare collected works, but there was no choice. “Either death, or books into the fire,” wrote Alisa Brunovna, recalling how the lifetime collection of Lev Tolstoy’s works had been fired. Together with her mother, who worked at a military factory, she experienced all the blockade days in Leningrad.
We left and grandmother with one of the daughters. Saying goodbye to them at the station, the little girl Alice remembered the huge cauldrons with boiled pasta that froze from the bitter cold.People got chopped into loaves crusty dough for food on the road. Chartlotta Fridrikhovna cut off a piece and handed it to his daughter-in-law and granddaughter. She died before reaching the place.
Approximate this view was from the windows of the apartment Freundlich
Despite the inhuman conditions for survival, the most famous war of the 20th century left in the memory of Alice Freindlich a vivid sense of the need to smile. So Leningraders supported each other, hoping for the coming joy of liberation.
After the war ended, Alice and her mother moved to their relatives in Tallinn, where they lived for three years. Returning to Leningrad, the future actress in the sixth grade went back to her 239 secondary school. After the war, Bruno Freindlich returned with a new family to Leningrad. Meetings with his father were secret from his new wife. She was totally against it. Years later, Alisa Brunovna met her half-sister Irina. They became good friends.
Alisa Freindlich in her youth
Here are the memories of Alice Brunovna about this period of her life: "With peers, we often arranged all sorts of performances, played the theater.Father, of course, literally did not call me to this profession ever, but I was friends with him, watched his game. His knightly attitude to the theater, of course, had an effect on me. ”Alisa received her first acting lessons in a school theater group from theater actress Maria Alexandrovna Prizhen-Sokolova, and her father’s opinion helped Alice decide her profession.
In 1953, Freundlich entered the Leningrad Theatrical Institute. A. Ostrovsky. Maria Alexandrovna helped her to prepare for the entrance exams, who immediately saw her talent. At the entrance exams she read an excerpt from Nikolai Vasilyevich Gogol's Dead Souls. Alisa Brunovna was very lucky because she was taught by a high-class teacher, Professor Boris Zon. He also, but a little earlier, studied such famous stage masters as Pavel Kadochnikov, Zinaida Sharko, Nikolai Trofimov.
Alice Freindlich in young years
In 1955 (while still a student), Alice Freindlich played the first film roles. It was the melodrama "The Unfinished Tale" and "Talents and Fans." Here in the theater she met her future husband, Vladimir Karasev.Their marriage was short, after graduation, they broke up.
Work in theaters
In 1957, after graduating from the Leningrad Theatrical Institute, Freundlich was accepted into the troupe of the Leningrad Drama Theater named after V.F. Komissarzhevskaya. Here, she said, she passed the fire, water and copper pipes. But it only tempered her character and gave a start to her future career.
Alice Freindlich on stage
In 1961, at the insistence of Igor Vladimirov, Alisa Freindlich began working in the Lensovet Theater. Soon after, Igor Vladimirov made her a marriage proposal. In this marriage, the daughter of Barbara was born. According to Alisa Freindlich, Igor Vladimirov became not only her husband, but also a mentor. After all, it was for her that he staged Arbuzov’s play “Tanya” and Zorin’s “Warsaw Melody”. In the Lensovet theater, Freundlich played many good roles, but one of the best works was the role of Katerina Ivanovna from Fyodor Dostoevsky’s play Crime and Punishment.
Alisa Freindlich. Stikhi Akhmatova. "Squeezed hand"
Work in the cinema
In the movie, Alice Freindlich had a bad luck for a long time. Basically, she was given small roles. In addition, she had to give up movie roles because of her work in the theater. It was possible to reverse this situation in 1976. At this time, Eldar Ryazanov invited her to the now famous role of Lyudmila Prokofievna Kalugin in an office romance. The stars of Soviet cinema became partners with Freindlich: Andrei Myagkov, Oleg Basilashvili, Liya Akhedzhakova and Svetlana Nemolyayeva.
Alisa Freindlich in the movie "Office Romance"
According to Alice Freindlich, she took the heroine’s walk from life. At that time, the high-ranking aunts who moved this way were full. This recognition was confirmed by numerous letters from Soviet women. They wrote that after watching the movie, they immediately went to the atelier to sew the same dress for themselves, and in the hairdresser they made themselves the same hairstyle as the film’s heroine. For Alice Freindlich, this role has remained one of the most beloved ones.
Alice Freindlich in the film "Stalker"
Two other roles that are significant in her career should be noted. This is the role of the protagonist's wife in Andrei Tarkovsky’s film “Stalker” and the role of Queen Anne in G. Yungvald-Khilkevich’s film “D’Artagnan and the Three Musketeers”, where, in addition to Alice Brunovna, Mikhail Boyarsky and Margarita Terekhova played in the picture.
Alisa Freindlich in the film "D'Artagnan and the Three Musketeers"
Despite the fact that the main genres of her were melodrama and drama, Freundlich continued to work in the cinema, starring in diverse films.
Alice Freindlich as Lady Macbeth
In the 90s she managed to play Queen Anne in the movie "Musketeers Twenty Years Later" and "The Secret of Queen Anne". These films had no success. But in the theater Alice Freindlich realized her long-time dream and played the role of Lady Macbeth.
Alice Freindlich's personal life
Like the first marriage with a fellow student Vladimir Karasev (1956-1957), so the second marriage with Igor Vladimirov did not work out. In the early 1980s, Alisa Freindlich and Igor Vladimirov diverged.
Alisa Brunovna married for the third time, for Yuri Nightingale. At that time he was a young actor of the Lensovet Theater. But this marriage did not last long. According to the actress, the reason was that: “I always had everything in order, but he was always out of order, very much affected our relationship. When we realized that there were more stresses than we were able to withstand the body, we very well separated ... "
Alisa Freindlich with her grandchildren
Despite the fact that the famous actress didn’t work out with her personal life, she is happy because she has a daughter, Barbara, a son-in-law, and beloved grandchildren.
Alisa Freindlich visiting Ivan Urgant
Alice Freindlich now
She did not accept all the roles that Freundlich had offered in recent years. The only role she played is the pensioner Olga Petrovna Tumanova in the TV series "Women's Logic". This series was a great success, and the directors filmed the second and third parts.
Alisa Freindlich in the film "On the Upper Maslovka"
Alisa Brunovna in 2004 also starred in the film "On the Upper Maslovka", where Yevgeny Mironov became her partner. For the role of Anna Borisovna - a 87-year-old sculpture, Freindlich was awarded the "Nika" award for the best female role.
In the photo: Alice Freindlich
The great merit of the great actress Freundlich is that the painting “One and a half rooms, or the Sentimental Journey to the Motherland”, shot in 2009 based on the works and biography of Joseph Brodsky, received popular recognition and “Nika”. In this picture, Alice Brunovna played the poet's mother.
Alisa Freindlich in the nomination "Nika"
In addition to the movie, Alisa Brunovna continues to serve in the BDT. In 2014, the actress played in the television movie directed by Oleg Gaza "Line Martha."
Alice Freindlich now
Alice Freindlich now
Alice Freindlich now
Alice Freindlich now
Alice Freindlich now