A brief description of the Russian folk costume. Anyone. or male or female

A brief description of the Russian folk costume. Anyone. or male or female

  1. Men's peasant clothes were sewn mostly, like women's, from homespun materials: canvas, pestry, heel, cloth, sheepskin. Along with them in the late XIX - early XX century used and factory: kumach, chintz, satin, plis, cheap woolen fabrics.
    The complex of men's casual clothes consisted of a shirt with a cut on the left side of the chest and pants (ports). In winter, pants made from homemade woolen cloth or cloth were put on top of the canvas trousers. The shirts were worn and ruffled Puffs Ponies Sarafans Pinafore Headdresses Jewelry Shoes Men's clothing Back to the room

    The sense of beauty, sense of proportion and expediency manifested itself in harmony with nature and with regard to the Russian people to clothing, both festive and everyday. Each detail of the costume had its own meaning, its color scheme never looked blatant, accidental, eclectic and preserved the harmony of the surrounding nature, showing an impeccable artistic taste, preserving the uniqueness of the national image. First of all, this manifested itself in peasant clothes, especially in women's clothing.

    Shirts

    Long since the basis of any Russian costume is a long, tunic shirt with wide sleeves. Shirts were different. Holiday - for Sundays and patronal holidays, everyday - for work at home and in the field; ceremonial divided into wedding, pre-wedding and funeral - miserable. In the chest for the dowry, the bride usually kept 5-6, or even a dozen shirts. The bride put on the most beautiful shirt on the day of the wedding. She was wearing the best homespun cloth. Dressed shirts were worn on the day of the first furrow, on the day of pasture of livestock, on the day of the beginning of haymaking and harvest. The canvas from which they were made, saved, so the shirt was sewn from several types of fabric, differing in thickness and density. The top part of the shirt was sewn from the best canvas cloth and was called a mill, a stanushka. Below the waist, they set up an outfit of coarse hemp cloth, if necessary, it was replaced by another one. There were shirts and without frameworks, so-called solid or scrotal (dolitary). Embroidery played the role of amulet, so its location was clearly defined: the gates of the gates and wrists, the shoulder and the bottom of the shirt, the field of sleeves. Intensively embroidered, these places, as it were, protected man from evil forces.
    A wedding costume of a peasant woman in the Orel province. The end of XIX - the beginning of the XX century
    Mantle of a woman's shirt. The end of the XIX century
    The country fashion did not recognize short shirts, they were sewn long. If a woman is of medium height, she sews herself a shirt so long that when she puts it on, the hem is on the floor. In many villages a shirt was worn with a bosom - a shirt pulled from under the belt and lowered down to the poneva, the figure of a woman made such a burly burly and round, completely concealing the waist.
    From the second half of the XIX century for decorating shirts with a thin girdle, to which, as necessary, attached a comb, a road knife or other small items. A festive shirt was made of fine bleached canvas and decorated with fabric and embroidery with red and black threads "flooring" or "cross" gates or a cut on the chest, cuffs sleeves and hem. Legs were shod in boots with leggings or boots, in winter they wore felt boots.
    The head was covered with a cap of gray felt. Since the second half of the XIX century, the cap was widespread. In winter they wore a fur hat or a truffle of cloth with a sheepskin trim. On the shirts, depending on the season and the weather, sweaters were worn on cloth: zipuns, caftans, suites. In winter, sheepskin sheepskin coats and sheepskin coats were worn. The outer clothing was usually girdled with broad woolen homespun sashes. Clothing peasant boys differed only in size, and in cut, style, elements was almost the same as that of adult men.

  2. The basis of the female costume was a long shirt. The shirt was decorated with a rim or embroidery, sometimes pearls. Notable women had maid tops. The maids shirts were made of bright silk fabric, often red. These shirts had long narrow sleeves with a slot for hands and were called long-sleeved. The length of the sleeves could reach 8 10 elbows. They were collected in folds on the hands. Shirts girded. They carried them at home, but not with guests. Poliki on the shirt are rectangular or wedge-shaped.

    Women wore a long silk flap over their white or red shirt with their embroidered wrists strapped to the sleeves, fastened to the throat, with long sleeves with waxes (gold sewing and pearls) and with a fastened collar (necklace).

    Two main types of Russian women's costume are sarafan (northern) and ponvny (southern) complexes:

    Sarafan
    Ponva
    Apron
    Telegrai
    Privoloka sleeveless cape.
    Shushpan

  3. Sermyaga (sermyazhka) is a Russian historical name for coarse thick cloth of simple wool of hand-made or artisanal workmanship, as well as clothing made from it.

    In the old days, the Sermaugas also met among the sovereign clothes, mostly summer, sledges, of white and gray cloth, with ornaments and gold buttons. In 1469, Grand Duke Ivan Vasilievich sent Ustyugans as a gift among other things 300 sermash.

    Sermagoi called kaftan of such cloth, usually short, with narrow long sleeves and a clasp in front. The word was used until the beginning of the XX century.

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