5 masterpieces of painting, which depict much more than the viewers see.

12-06-2017, 18:00
Considering the masterpieces of world painting, few people think that behind an idyllic landscape can hide a portrait of a man, and behind the painted waves - a huge whale. Modern technologies and research methods allow us to find out what the artists originally portrayed. This review presents famous paintings that hide in themselves much more than viewers see.

 

"Black Square" K. Malevich

Black square. K. Malevich, 1915


A couple of years ago, a sensational discovery was made. On the 100th anniversary of the creation of the famous “Black Square” by Kazimir Malevich, a series of manipulations were carried out over the picture, among which was the use of X-rays. The result of scanning the web by UV rays surprised researchers very much. It turns out that there were two color images behind the black square. One of them is a cubo-futuristic composition, and the other is a supermatic one.

Images hidden under the black square.


In addition, scientists were able to practically decipher the inscription on the picture. According to them, on the canvas is written: "The Battle of Blacks at Night." It can be assumed that this name was a kind of response to the monochrome picture of the scandalous artist of that time Alphonse Allais. He depicted a black rectangle and signed it "The Battle of Blacks in a Dark Cave in the Deep Night." As for Malevich, he, most likely, didn’t immediately decide for himself what would happen in the end.


"Grass Flap" by Van Gogh

A piece of grass. B. Van Gogh, 1887.


It is no secret that Vincent Van Gogh painted pictures one on top of another. The artist lived in great need, so he simply did not have the means to buy canvases. And yet, each time it is interesting to find out what was originally depicted in the picture.


So, when the painting “Grass Flap”, painted in 1887, was illuminated with UV rays, a portrait of a peasant woman, painted in dark colors, was found under the top coat of paint.


"Lady with a Unicorn" by Raphael

Lady with a unicorn. Raphael, 1506


No less interesting is the story of Raphael's The Lady with the Unicorn. The artist wrote it in 1506.Initially, it was a portrait of a girl holding a small dog. After the artist’s death, the dog was turned into a unicorn. Moreover, the picture began to be called "St. Catherine of Alexandria". The girls' shoulders were “covered” with a cloak and the attributes of the martyrs were painted.


It is curious that the specialists-restorers removed the painted layer and returned the original look to the portrait. They decided not to touch the dog, since its restoration could cause irreparable damage to the picture.


"Portrait of Don Ramon Satue" by Francisco Goya

Portrait of Don Ramon Satue. Francisco Goya, 1823


In 1823, Francisco Goya painted a portrait of his friend Judge Ramon Satue. After an appropriate X-ray analysis and scanning, the scientists found out that under the portrait there is an image of another man in a military uniform. The features of the face are not drawn, therefore it is impossible to say with certainty who is in the picture.

 

If you pay attention to the uniform, we can assume that the artist originally intended to paint a portrait of Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon Bonaparte's brother, whom he appointed king of Spain. Then only the king and his generals could wear such a parade uniform.


After the power of Joseph Bonaparte was overthrown, Francisco Goya was afraid to finish the portrait of the disgraced king. Therefore, he painted the picture and painted a portrait of his Don Ramon Satue on top of it.


"The view of the sands of Scheveningen", Hendrik van Antonissen

View of the sands of Scheveningen. Hendrik van Antonissen, 1641.


The picture of the Dutch artist Hendrik van Antonissen “View of Scheveningen sands” depicts a crowd of people gathered for no apparent reason on the ocean. Marinist wrote it back in 1641. During restoration work on the canvas, which is stored in the Fitzwilliam Museum (Fitzwilliam Museum), noticed an unusual spot. It turned out that this is a huge painted over whale.


If you turn to the history of the period of the painting, then whales were often thrown to the shores of Scheveningen. Now it becomes clear why a crowd of people gathered on the shore on a cold winter day.

"View of the sands of Scheveningen" before and after restoration.


III-XIX centuries. It is known that in 1873 the painting by Van Antonissen was transferred to the museum from the priest Edward Kerrich. Then the whale in the picture was gone. Perhaps, someone clumsily restored the canvas, and had to paint over the whale.Perhaps the type of dead mammal did not like the owner of the canvas.


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